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What do you find to be the best method for counting cards in blackjack?
When you play do you count the cards?
And lastly would you even bother trying to count cards in a six-deck game?
There is a trade off with card counting strategies between power and ease of use.
I simply blackjack options not recommend the high-low count.
There are more complicated strategies out there, that are marginally more powerful, but much more difficult to use.
Personally, I rarely count cards any longer.
Six deck read article are indeed worth counting if the rules are favorable and at least 75% or so of the cards are dealt.
In by Stuart Perry, the author spent most of his time playing 2 and 6 decks games, as opposed to single deck.
What is the value of betfair live blackjack card counting blackjack system called "Mastering the Flow?
It claims not to be a counting system, yet the vague description of the system that the website gives makes it sound like counting to me.
The claims are pretty out-there: "Win every time" etc.
I count cards using the KO PREFERREDand understand that this new "system" has to be either a simplistic count strategy, or a scam.
Would you look into it for us, the gullible public?
I had a look at the web site and also found what little he says about the theory behind his system makes it sound like card counting.
However I'm deeply skeptical of anything that claims to "blow old fashioned card counting away.
Love your site, I have a math degree and I am a counter who has made numerous trips to and I want to start to use my math skills to play poker.
Can I gain an advantage similar to counting in blackjack?
First, let me say that I'm not an expert on poker.
It is no big secret that is the most popular form.
In this game there are five community cards and only two down cards per player so a person good at calculating probabilities has more to go on.
However, even the best math genius may make a bad poker player if he can't read the other players or the other players can easily read him both of which I think are true in my case.
On your blackjack page, in theyou indicate that the player has the edge in single-deck blackjack.
Numerous Vegas Casinos offer single-deck blackjack, but I doubt they are dealing a losing game.
Is your page incorrect or are the casinos just gambling on their clients not being able to play basic blackjack.
A friend of mine and I have a bet riding on this.
Is it true that with even a simple card counting system a competent blackjack player can consistently walk away a winner in the long run?
Thanks for your help.
You have a legitimate point.
At the time you wrote this I indicated the house edge according to a fixed set of rules that varied only by the number of decks.
However, in real life, when single deck is offered the other rules invariably become more stingy.
I have already enhanced the house edge table in the cΓ³mo jugar 21 blackjack section to include a wider variation in rules.
The typical Las Vegas single-deck game does not allow doubling after a split and the dealer hits a soft 17.
With these rules, the house edge is 0.
The best single-deck game is at the Slots-a-Fun next to Circus Circus where the dealer stands on soft 17 for a player edge of 0.
Next door, at the Westward Ho, double after a split is allowed but the dealer hits a soft 17 for a house edge of 0.
About card counting, absolutely not, even the best of card counters will lose often.
An entire month can be at a loss.
Only over the very long haul does a net profit become likely.
Update: Since this writing the Westward Ho was torn down and the Beating online blackjack has slots only.
Your newsletter gives the casino advantage on Spanish 21 as 0.
How effective is card counting in further reducing this house advantage and giving the advantage to the player?
Yes, this house edge is definitely low enough to consider card counting.
However counting may not be as effective in Spanish 21 as regular blackjack.
To the best of my knowledge nobody has developed index numbers for Spanish 21 but somebody should.
Great web page wiz!
I like to think of myself as a wiz of sorts.
Question -- I like to play casino blackjack -- mostly Las Vegas, I've been using Hi Opt 1 counting without great success.
In Casino Player Magazine Aug.
Can you comment on these and tell me the point values assigned under these systems?
A book could be written in response to this question.
Please excuse me for only scraping the surface.
There are different ways to measure the strength of any given system.
My opinion is that the serious player should use the most powerful system that they are comfortable with.
It is better to play a level 1 system like the Hi Opt I well than to play a level 2 system badly like the Hi Opt II.
Biloxi, Mississippi casino has single-deck blackjack dealt to the bottom.
What is the casino's edge on this game?
Does the basic strategy for blackjack still hold still hold for this game?
Dealing to the bottom of the deck would not help the basic strategy player but greatly benefits the counter.
There would be no changes to the basic strategy.
However, this game may be of interest to card counters.
Vegas World now the Stratosphere in Las Vegas used to have such a game but I don't think card counters ever took it seriously because of other adverse rules like a blackjack only paying even money.
I have never gambled on-line, but I would suppose that since you play the games from your computer, with no one watching, it would be a lot easier to do things like card counting or even using a computer to make your decisions.
Do on-line casinos have any way to check if you're cheating?
Also, do you have a time limit to play each hand?
Yes, you can easily count cards when playing blackjack online.
However, most casinos shuffle after every hand.
For those that don't, software exists to tell you the exact correct play given any deck composition.
However, such places generally have strict rules against card counters.
As long as you aren't playing at a multi-player table or live dealer, there is no time limit to play a hand.
Is counting cards in blackjack or any other card game for that matter pointless if one is using a truly infinite deck?
Do you change your strategy based on the play of other players at your table?
For example, you have players who hit when the dealer has a bust card face up taking the bust cards and therefore the dealer does not bust.
Unless you are a card counter, how other players play should not affect what you do.
Basic strategy players should stick to the basic strategy no matter how badly the other players play.
Other players are just as likely to help you as hurt you.
In the end, it makes no difference how they play.
Counter can play any number of boxes, and any bet amount.
Counter can stop at any time, but cannot rejoin a shoe after missing a hand, or join a shoe that is partway through.
I haven't done any simulations, but my educated option is a definite yes, this game can be beaten.
The strategy to use in this game would be to bet the minimum when the odds are against you and the maximum when they are in your favor.
Normally a sudden 50 times increase in bet size would set click the following article a huge red flag but it seems the counter could do this with impunity in your game.
After taking a huge beating, the Atlantic City casinos begged the gaming authorities for a change in the rules, which they got.
Not only could this be beaten, but I think it would be a card counters dream.
What is the best counting system to use.
I've tried the Hi-Lo balanced and the KO unbalanced.
I like the KO system best because it seems to be the easiest.
But I have a fairly good mathematical mind and am able to concentrate pretty well.
I play in Biloxi, usually only double-deck games, DAS, split any pair, dealer stands on soft 17, one card after splitting aces, no surrender.
What's the best, don't mind a bit difficult, but don't want too difficult.
There is no best card counting system.
Personally I like balanced systems but don't know enough about the KO system to comment.
My opinion is that you should only consider systems you are comfortable blackjack handle scales and among them weight both the power of the system and how comfortable you are with it.
You might try asking this at.
I recently started gambling online and like your site more than any other gambling site I've found.
Somewhere I remember you wrote that every online casino you'd seen shuffled the decks after every game.
By game to you mean hand?
Also, if they shuffle after every hand, doesn't this minimize the benefit of card counting?
Is there any significant benefit to card counting in that case?
Most online casinos shuffle after every hand.
However, the six-deck game at Unified Gaming casinos shuffles at a random point in the deck.
I have heard of other casinos that also penetrate more than one hand into a shoe, but I don't recall which ones.
If the cards are shuffled after every hand there is no use in card counting, other than applying my.
I play blackjack using Basic Strategy.
I raise my bet if I see a bunch of low cards and lower my bet it if I see high cards.
On my last trip to Las Vegas, two casinos asked me to step away from the table and told me to leave!
Please comment on this.
It does not seem fair.
You obviously understand that a deck rich in high cards favors the player and a deck rich in low cards favors the dealer.
Although your method is the crudest form of card counting it is still card counting.
Nevada casinos have the legal right to do what they did.
In the future, I would recommend being more discrete.
Never more than double your bet, preferably only after winning.
If you feel you're being watched, then get up and leave before they do it for you.
Don't play too long in any one place.
Ian Anderson's "Turning the Tables in Las Vegas" gives lots of tips about looking like an ordinary player while card counting.
As a card counter, what are the odds to make it as a professional blackjack player?
What do we have to do?
First, it takes a lot of time to learn the theory and strategy of card counting and get your counting speed up to casino play.
For most people, I think it is better to play part time.
I realize that card counting is pretty much a thing of the past and only if you can find a single-deck game.
I also realize that if you are good at it you will probably be asked to leave which just about loses my interest in it.
Card counting is still alive and well.
It is just as easy to count one deck as it is to count eight.
Many card counters prefer the multi-deck games.
There is lots that can be done to avoid being asked to leave, like short playing sessions and acting like a typical bad player.
I try to explain why card counting works in my.
I have just got into online gambling and have referred to your site for pretty much everything.
I appreciate all the information on the single-deck information, but what about the six deck game?
Can you tell me the player or dealer edge in this game as well as a basic strategy?
It would seem to me that this would be one of the best bets at which to count cards.
Thank you in advance!
You should follow my multiple-deck strategy but surrender against aces in the same hands as the single-deck strategy.
I haven't studied this web page counting this game is more profitable than the single-deck game, but I would be interested to hear from anyone who is doing as you suggest.
I read on your web site that you recently had a chance to visit Tunica, Mississippi.
I play very often at the Grand.
I am sure you have heard of the side bet known as Triple 7s.
I don't consider myself a good card counter, or even an average one, but say no 7s had been played at all in six hands would the odds not be in my favor to play the side bet?
Yes, I've seen that bet in Tunica.
I address it in my.
I agree that side bet would seem very countable.
First of all, I think your web site is great and want to thank you for all this great, solid information.
My question is this: blackjack tables have a maximum bet limit that more than increases when you move up from the five dollar table to the ten etc.
I suppose this is to discourage larger stakes gamblers from playing at lower stakes tables but how do they calculate these limits?
I notice that they are different at different casinos.
Also, on your chart of the house edge, it would be great to see a comparison of house edge for a blackjack player using Basic Strategy vs.
Thanks again for the great work.
Casinos generally try to keep the maximum bet about 200 to 500 times the minimum bet.
The answer seems to be that casinos like to corral their big bettors into certain areas.
Such high-limit areas tend to have the best staff and surveillance.
Limiting the ratio of maximum to minimum bet is also a defense against cheating and advantage play.
The advantage of card counting depends on how good and aggressive the card counter is.
Other than myI leave that topic to other gambling writers.
There are a few cards left in the shoe part of the machine anywhere from 1 to 20 or so that are not shuffled.
Is there any way this can be used to advantage?
For example, I was thinking that there is a lower but still not zero probability of having a card repeated two hands in a row.
Sit out if there were a lot of high cards last hand.
Maybe enough to skew the odds?
As a card counter it would probably be safe to use a true count from just the last hand played and off the top of a shoe.
I am an avid Blackjack player.
I guess my brain has trouble remembering the count while calculating my hand totals.
What is your method for keeping the running count straight in your head?
To be honest with you I forget the running count myself sometimes.
click the following article than that all I can suggest is play more.
The more you play the easier it should become.
Your site is great.
Being a beginner it has given me lots of good advice.
Thanks for the compliments.
Most online casinos shuffle the cards after every hand.
At single deck casinos Boss Media version 1, Microgaming, Unified Gaming you can use the cards already on the table to alter your play sometimes.
See my for all the details.
There are some casinos that play into a shoe a little way but not far, and have restrictive betting limits.
I have yet to be convinced of any worthwhile opportunity on the Internet to count cards.
If you can count down one deck you can count down six.
It is just a matter of counting longer between shuffles.
You said that sport betting would be one of the ways to earn a living.
Could you elaborate a little bit?
Does it have similar edge over the bookmaker as blackjack with card counting does over the casino?
Sports betting is not my strong point, although I plan to learn more about it when I have the time.
I will say it is hard to compare the profitability of sports betting to card counting.
Card counting is very technical and by the book.
Making money sports betting requires more judgement and is more subject to opinion.
There are various strategies one can employ to make money sports betting, for example looking to arbitrage games by taking both sides at different casinos under different point spreads, looking to exploit unusual proposition bets, or going after correlated parlays.
As you state on your site the house edge in blackjack is very low.
Maybe you should increase your bet when the dealer gets 4 or 5 cards, because the cards would likely be small and the next hand would be large card rich?
This is an oversimplified method of counting cards.
Better yet survey all the cards on the table.
If you see a lot of small cards, especially fives and sixes, and few large cards, especially aces, then raise your bet.
If you see the opposite then lower your bet.
The fewer the decks the better this will work.
Hello, thanks for the great website.
There is a lot of helpful information.
I hate to bother you, but I wanted to let you know about a variation of blackjack that I played recently.
They had a few tables that at first glance looked like 2 deck blackjack basic strategy pitch blackjack.
Upon further examination they were using automatic shufflers and according to the rules they listed, this game consisted of eight decks and the automatic shuffler dispensed approximately 100 cards.
join. beat blackjack machines are game was dealt using these 100 cards.
The dealer put the cut card approximately half way in the 100 card deck and then dealt.
When the cut card was reached, the dealer would put the cards back in to the automatic shuffler and take 100 more cards from the machine and start dealing again.
In this game you could not double down after a split, and you could split up to 3 times.
Mathematically speaking this is the same as playing from an eight deck game.
Players have been known to be fooled, incorrectly thinking these are double deck games.
For card counting purposes the penetration is 50 out of 416, or 12.
I was recently playing single deck blackjack with one other patron at the table and right after the shuffle I got 2 aces and split them and got 21 on both hands!
My question is this: What should I do on the next hand considering that the deck just lost 3 aces and 4 tens and only 2 small cards?
Should I go to the bathroom, leave the table I had just sat down 2 hands prior.
Thanks for your great site.
It is just as fun to learn about all the different aspects of the games as it is to use your advice and know I am playing the best game I can!
This would be a good time to either bet small, go to the bathroom, or just leave, depending on your style of play.
Personally I hate bouncing up and down and would just bet small.
There are lots of books that explain specifically how to count cards.
However for the amateur if you see a disproportionate number of tens and aces leave the deck bet less.
Likewise bet more if lots of small cards leave the deck, especially fives and sixes.
Thanks for your kind words about my site.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
My educated guess is that if the index numbers were not rounded then it would be greater than 0 but less than one half.
So it is getting rounded down to zero.
Making the index number 1 would result in more of a rounded error, causing players in slightly positive decks to hit when they should stand.
Michael, a person asked you if they are not counting cards in blackjack, what difference does it make how many decks are being used.
You stated the difference had mostly to do with the number of stiff hands possible, due to the fact that if a small card came out it was more likely a large card would follow and vice-a-versa.
How could that be?
Would it still not be a random event with the possibility of a small or large card coming out being equal, if you are not counting?
Every legitimate blackjack expert agrees the house edge decreases as the number of decks goes down, all other rules being equal.
However it is hard to explain why.
First, it is true that you are more likely to get one small card and one big card in single-deck than multiple-deck.
Although stiffs can cut both ways the player has the free will to stand, the dealer must always hit them.
Is there software that will count cards as you input them?
Can this be used to play online blackjack?
Or does what happens everyone busts blackjack blackjack shuffle after each hand?
Have a look at Beejack.
Most, but not all, casinos shuffle after every hand.
I don't know if it practical to actually use this product.
If you try it please let me know how you do, I might like to try it myself.
Note: The link to Beejack was removed in 2014, due to a potential virus with that site.
Proceed there with caution.
Does losing a hand at blackjack increase the probability that the composition of the deck is in your favor?
More specifically, is your expected return on one hand ever positive after a given net loss since the last shuffle?
Without knowing anything else, if you lost the last hand in blackjack then it is slightly more likely that more small cards than large just left the deck.
This would make the remaining deck more large card rich and thus lower the click here edge.
However I speculate this is an extremely small effect.
Yet it does go to show that if you must use a betting system one that increases the bet after a loss is better than one that increases after a win.
I hesitate to put this in writing at all because again the effect is probably very small and I fear system sellers will misquote me and imply I endorse any system, which I DO NOT.
Assuming you are good at estimating how many cards were left in the shoe.
No, it would be both harder and less powerful to only count the large cards.
The high cards count as -1 and the low cards as +1 and you keep a running total as you play.
So most cards offset each other and the running count tends to stay close to zero.
So you are only keeping track of one number.
If you only tracked high cards the total would run high and then you would have to carefully divide it by the number of remaining cards.
Even assuming you were good at estimating the number of remaining cards the division would be difficult to do well.
Love your site, please keep it up.
I have 2 questions would like to ask.
Is it useless or simply not as effective for other card games like baccarat?
Thanks for the kind words.
To answer question one, baccarat is not countable for all practical purposes.
I have wondered about your second question myself.
My shows that removing a 2 from each deck adds 0.
So if you must track only one the 2 is better.
The tracks both the 2 and 7.
Both times I did this the dealer yelled "table max" and the pit crew was suddenly watching the game very closely.
How close was I to getting backroomed in your opinion?
That tactic is only allowed in cases of article source />However it still has been known to happen.
Fortunately in such cases where the counter sued the case the counter won.
If I may say I think Canada is more mellow and non-confrontational than the U.
This is also my policy, unless I feel there is no heat at all.
Are there any published card-counting strategies for Spanish 21?
If not, do you think the rules of Spanish 21 make it conducive to counting?
There was discussion about this at www.
As I recall the consensus was that counting was not as advantageous as in blackjack but you could get away with a lot more.
I know of no published material on this.
Why is there so much written about card counting strategies in BJ, if they are not as rewarding "as television and the movies make it out to be"?
This seems highly illogical to click at this page and is really puzzling.
There is a lot written about card counting simply because the books sell.
I suspect many people watch a movie like Rain Man and get interested in card counting.
Then they buy a book and realize it is too hard or give it a try and get discouraged because they lose.
Only the most patient, devoted, and well financed players stick with it.
I read somewhere that online casinos may shuffle the deck after every turn and that card counting then would be of no value.
How can I find out for sure if a casino is doing this?
You could test for how often the same card appears in two consecutive hands.
If you see fewer repeats than would argue that the cards are not shuffled after every hand.
It is easier, but less reliable, to just ask customer support.
Since you are very well-known and respected for your expertise on gambling, statistics, house odds, etc, do local casinos still allow you to play at their Blackjack tables, since you obviously are an experienced counter?
It is my policy not to count in Las Vegas.
So I am allowed to play blackjack at all but two casinos locally.
However last January I went to Reno and Lake Tahoe for a few days and was told not to play blackjack betfair live blackjack card counting four different casinos.
How many "successful" card counters, i.
In would say in a large Strip type casino the number of counters who know what they are doing on a given night is in my best guess one half of a single person or two casinos would have one person.
The reason I think it is this low is in my many hundreds of hours at the blackjack tables I only spotted other counters twice.
At the same time, if I read you right, you seem to say that you think half the players in a strip type casino are successful counters.
That seems to be a contradiction.
Maybe you meant one half of one percent.?
Assuming you see 10 or 12 players per hour that might be more in line with the math.
What I meant was half of one person, or one person for every two casinos.
However you were not the only person I confused so I reworded my original answer to say half on one person, not half of everyone playing.
What are the pros and cons of burning a card on a blackjack shoe game, when a new dealer taps onto the table?
If you are counting cards then it is like decreasing the penetration by one card.
Or do you not actually play at all?
I think a lot of your "readers" would be interested in that, but you may not want your hosts to know!
The only time I might play for fun is if I am entertaining somebody visiting Vegas and am just out gambling with them.
Otherwise I always look for an edge.
I also play new games sometimes just to ensure that I understand the rules correctly.
I am a casual Basic Strategy blackjack player who would like to learn a counting technique that offers positive or even expected value.
Hopefully, my cards are representative of all cards played and thus the count of my hand is close enough to the true running count that I can adjust my wagering accordingly.
Do you feel that this could be a valid approach particularly against 6-8 deck shoes or am I just a lazy guy looking for the easy way out?
The easiest counting method is what I call the "eyeball" method, in which if you see lots of small cards come out then increase your bet, and vise versa.
However this is better suited to one and two deck games.
This requires only counting aces and fives.
According to Ken Uston in Million Dollar Blackjack this give the player an additional 0.
That is enough to overcome the house edge in most games.
Not being allowed to see other player cards until the end of the hand gives the player less information, which works against card counters.
Basically this looks like a two-way clicker to help the player keep track of the running count in blackjack.
From what I read there is no true count conversion or index number help.
Still knowing the running count and betting accordingly is much better than not counting at all.
It is also a clever disguise.
However be aware that using any device to help calculate the probabilities on any game in a Nevada casinos is a felony here carries a punishment comparable to bank robbery.
What incentive does a dealer have to "tell on you" if he suspects you are card counting.
Why would a dealer care if you are card counting or not?
If the counter were tipping then the dealer has the choice of not telling and getting more tips or tattling to get on the good side of casino management.
I think it in large part comes down to the attitude of the dealer, whether he is rooting for the player or the casino.
Dealers who are loyal to their employer first will probably tell, and tipping may not help.
Dealers share tips so the dealer you give your tip to may only get 1% of it.
In my opinion dealers loyal to the casino are more likely to be women than men and Asians over any other race.
The decision to tip is hotly debated in the counting community and many counters follow the Stanford Wong philosophy of only tipping if the cover it buys you is more than in value than the tip itself.
This may explain the joke that the difference between a counter and a canoe is that a canoe sometimes tips.
Other counters tip anyway whether they think it buys them cover or not because they believe in tipping.
First of all thanks for the great site.
Is there no point in card counting if it is a single deck that is reshuffled after every hand?
There is still some point, especially with a full table.
According to my simulations in six-deck game with no three-card guarantee and 75% penetration the true count is 5 or greater 23.
In the game with a three-card guarantee the average advantage goes up to 29.
I was wondering how the house advantage would change if you played 5 hands at a time using basic strategy blackjack and card counting at an online casino.
I know the deck is shuffled with each hand, however you can count the cards of all hands leading up to the last hand - the 5th hand.
You can then use this information to help you modify your basic strategy betting.
For example, not doubling down when the count is against you or hitting when you normally should stay.
Could this possibly shift the overall odds to the players advantage?
Flat betting and only five spots, I think not.
However if you bet seven spots and progressively more on each spot to be played then yes.
This is called depth charging and is treated lightly in the book by Ian Andersen.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
In all honesty this is an old question but I got a better answer from Chris F.
A good example of this is that in single deck the correct play is to stand on 7,7 against a 10, because half of the sevens in the deck are already gone, and that is what you need to link a dealer 20 with 3 cards.
Either way two cards that would bust the player by hitting have been removed.
So the deck is slightly rich in small cards that will not bust the player, giving the player an incentive to hit.
While this is true I was skeptical because in an infinite deck game the odds still favor hitting.
However except in a few Internet casinos an infinite deck is just an abstraction.
Then I gave the dealer a 10 and myself a 10 and 6.
So the player was playing this hand against a neutral deck with 31 of each card A-9 and 124 tens.
Here is the expected values: Play Expected Value Stand -0.
It is betfair live blackjack card counting same if I remove the following: A,2,3,4,5,6,8,10,10,10 to simulate 9,7 vs 10, because the player is going against the exact same neutral shoe.
It just goes to show how powerful the effect of removal is, even when just three cards in an eight-deck game.
So as I just showed going into a neutral deck the odds favor standing.
The reason hitting is correct in an infinite deck is because there is no effect of removal.
If you accidentally hit a 16 vs 10 in a neutral shoe, and got a low card, then the dealer would have a better chance of getting a 10 in the hole.
This fact is reflected in the higher expected value for standing in an 8-deck game, but would not matter in an infinite deck.
For the record, here are the expected values in an infinite deck game: I've been counting cards and things have been going okay.
I only go to casinos on the East Coast, but last week I was on vacation in Vegas.
Well I went to the Barbary Coast where they had two-deck blackjack with pretty good rules.
Anyway I didn't say anything took my chips cashed out and left!
Now do I have to worry about them having identified me with any kind of face recognition software or anything?
Do I have to worry on the East Coast?
The Barbary Coast is notorious for having a low tolerance for counters.
I wouldn't worry about the incident going past the memory of that pit boss.
What happened to you is known as a "back off", which is nothing more than a warning.
To get in the Griffin Book of undesirable players you need to be a much more serious threat.
I don't know Griffin's secrets but in my estimation you need to be a black chip counter and have been backed off or read the trespass act several times before you make it in the book for the reason of card counting.
Would you still let them play?
Even 6 to 5 blackjack can be beaten if the penetration is close to 100% and a huge bet spread is used.
Sometimes counters will play such games because they can get away with much more.
The decision must be made on a case by case basis.
You have made it known that you use card counting in casinos.
Why do casinos let you still play in their casinos?
I was recognized in Reno when counting once, although it may have been by dealer who knew me personally and tattled.
It is a long and bizarre story.
Wizard, I have been reviewing your site in preparation for a trip to Vegas, because it is the best gambling site period.
I was intrigued by the analysis from your about when to stand with 16 vs.
Being a math person myself I want to maximize the odds, but also understand the slim gain.
Thanks for all you do!
Thanks for the kind words.
If it is a face-up game, with other players, I scan the table and just use my best judgment.
Mathematically speaking, third base is best because you have seen more cards by the time it is your turn, and thus have more information.
However, given six positions at the table, I personally prefer the fourth position because I have a better view of the entire table.
I know this will not change my results all that much, but I think it is a psychological barrier that many players wish to pass.
You can read all about it in my section on the.
In regards to yourwhat effects does real casino play versus your simulation have on the bank role needed to have a reasonable risk of ruin.
More specifically, is your simulation played head to head with a dealer, where when the count is high you are betting the higher bets more times per shoe than at a real table where 6 players are using up cards when the count is high, resulting in fewer chances to bet when the count is high.
Yes, they will eat up cards when the count is good, but they will also do so when the count is bad.
However, in terms of expected wins per hour, when you have an advantage, it helps to have fewer players, because you will play more hands in the same amount of time.
Are there any other basic strategy changes that have a meaningful impact to expected return at various counts?
At some count you should start to accept insurance.
On your web page, you state that continuous shuffling machines reduce the house edge in Blackjack.
Although I have no doubt that you have proven this mathematically, this result appears to be in conflict with the "Floating Advantage" concept described in Chapter 6 of Don Schlesinger's.
Basically, the "Floating Advantage" concept appears to indicate that the house edge decreases as more decks are removed from play regardless of the true count.
For me, it is difficult to reconcile the fact that the house edge can decrease when cards are immediately replenished when CSMs are used and also when cards are utilized and not replenished when shoes are used.
Can you comment on this observation?
For the benefit of others, let me briefly summarize both arguments.
The states the house edge is less in a continuously shuffled game, as opposed to a cut-card game, all other things being equal.
The "Floating Advantage" concept states that for the card counter the odds get better the deeper into the deck or shoe the dealer gets.
According to Stanford Wong, ".
So, for example, the house edge in a six-deck with one deck left, at a count of zero, has about the same house edge as a single-deck game with the same rules.
Unfortunately the Floating Advantage does not benefit non-counters.
While they will benefit, unknowingly, at close to neutral true counts, they will do worse at extremely high and low counts.
According to Schlesinger, " Seems that, at the one-deck level, extremely high counts produce less edge than expected for the basic strategist many pushes and the extreme negative counts were found to be even more unfavorable than previously thought doubles, splits, and stands tend to be disastrous.
In conclusion, both the Cut-Card Effect and Floating Advantage are distinct topics and do not contradict each other.
To compare them is to compare apples and oranges.
For more information please read chapter 6 in by Don Schlesinger.
Spirit Mountain Casino in Grand Click to see more Oregon added a side bet in the last 24 hours called "Field Gold 21.
The side bet can be between 1 and 25 dollars.
The pay table follows.
What is the house advantage?
If I keep an Aces and Fives count is there a positive count where the possible remaining aces make the bet a positive proposition?
Would counting remaining aces divided by remaining decks be better?
Here is the return table.
Is regles du jeu blackjack possible to source the Ace-Five system with some form of penetration adjustment.
Or is this just likely to draw more attention from the pit if they are looking for card counters?
However, you may make one yourself if you wish.
Just divide the running count by the number of decks remaining.
The greater the true count, the more you should bet.
Do all card counting strategies tell you the same information?
Or do the different systems consider different things to be advantageous to the player?
Thanks If different counters were using different count strategies at the same table the bet amounts would be highly correlated.
Most of the time they would all bet big or all bet small.
The close to neutral counts may see some diversity.
When the bet sizes are different, the counters with the more difficult, and thus more efficient, strategies are probably right.
There is a good table at on the index numbers and efficiency of various popular card counting strategies.
In the UK insurance is only offered on a blackjack.
Have I got this right?
The value of taking insurance, when the true count is +3 or more, adds 0.
However this does not come close to half the total advantage from strategy changes.
Looking only at the top 18 count dependent plays the Illustrious 18plus the top 4 count dependent surrenders the Fab Four the total value to the counter is 0.
So correct insurance accounts for only 25% of the value of strategy changes.
A good counter will gain about another 1% by betting more in good counts.
So taking away the insurance option reduces the total value of counting by only about 8%.
In the UK it would be slightly less because you can still insure with a blackjack.
The advantage figures are rough and depend on lots of things.
The value of all surrender deviations is https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/how-to-deal-blackjack-dealer-in-oklahoma.html the same of insurance deviations.
If either is yes, how high or low?
That would increase your advantage, but at the risk of being backed off from the table.
My advice is to not do it.
Leaving the shoe in a low count is a well-known trick.
That is a great time to hit the bathroom or pretend your cell phone is vibrating.
It is up to you at what point to do this.
There is a tradeoff between suffering a shoe with a negative EV and looking like a counter jumping in and out all the time.
Thanks for the informative site.
I can effectively count cards at an online casino, playing head-to-head with the dealer.
At a real casino, however, I usually get distracted and lose the count.
If the cards are dealt face down, forget about it.
But that was in my pre-card counting days.
My question is whether the card counting pros come out at night when table traffic is down, and if so, is the casino more wary of 4:00 AM players than daytime or evening players?
Card counters usually prefer to play by themselves, all other things being equal.
Once when I was caught counting on a cruise ship, the casino manager was kind enough to list all the red flags I raised, and it was an embarrassingly long list.
One was playing at 3 A.
So, this casino manager at least felt counters were more of a risk late at night.
Given that experience, I think blending in at busy times outweighs the better conditions at slow times.
About losing the count, I recommend getting a deck of cards and flipping them over two at a time, keeping the count as you go.
Try to get through the deck, with an accurate count, within 25 seconds.
I was backed off while playing for low stakes at Sienna in Reno.
They were very nice about it, and just asked me to stop playing blackjack.
I play there about one weekend every four months.
I like playing there and would be happy to flat bet.
How likely is it that they would let me play again?
If I went back in four months and flat bet would they even recognize me?
Alternatively, would I be better off to approach the pit boss, tell him the situation and ask if I could play if I flat bet?
Thanks for the great web site!
Thank you for the compliment.
The Sienna is a classy casino, my favorite in Reno.
They are also one of the few places with a liberal single-deck game in Reno, in which you may double on any first two cards.
You should not ask permission to play, because they would be unlikely to reverse themselves.
Your odds are much better waiting before coming back.
Four months is pushing it on the delay, I would skip them a trip, and wait eight months.
Knowing the count, do my odds increase significantly enough to make a side bet of "over 13, under 13" worthwhile?
That side bet is extremely vulnerable to card counters.
As long as the minimum is not too low, you should be using another strategy to exploit it, one that treats aces as a low card.
Arnold Synder presents such a strategy in.
Otherwise, if you are using a standard hi-lo count, Synder says to only make the Over bet in very high counts.
That has actually happened to me.
I suppose if you did not comply, and were caught, they might make you get off at the next port, and not let you get back on.
Signage on my last cruise indicated they will do that if they catch you with illegal drugs.
This question is about counting cards in a two-deck blackjack game.
I usually just assume it is a negative, but there has to be a better way than this conservative approach.
A burned card is just like any unseen card left in the shoe.
In the Knock-Out count you can completely ignore it, because there is no true count conversion.
In the Hi-Lo, or any count with a true count conversion, a perfectionist would add the number of burn cards to the number of cards remaining in the deck.
However, since there is usually just one burn card, it can be safely ignored under any card counting strategy.
A minor reason is to foil card counters.
However, instead of burning x cards, the dealer could move the cut card x cards forward, and achieve the same purpose.
The major reason is game protection.
For one, the player might catch a glimpse of the top card, and alter his bet and strategy, based on this information.
Such a tactic would not be cheating, I might add.
The top card is also vulnerable to lots of cheating schemes.
It could be marked, the dealer could peek at it, or force a desired card to the top.
If for any reason the dealer knew what the top card was, he could signal that information to a confederate player, giving him a huge advantage.
I would have much better luck if I could just count the tens and never deal with negative numbers.
That should be possible, right?
The major factor is how "rich in tens" the deck is, right?
So my questions are: a Am I barking up the wrong tree entirely by thinking you could use just a count of tens adjusted for number of decks left, of course?
Lest any experts in blackjack history correct me, Lawrence Revere has a chapter on the Revere Ten Count Strategy in his classic work.
This strategy requires keeping two counts, one of tens, and one of everything else.
Play and bet amount is then dictated by the ratio of these two counts.
In my opinion, this strategy is too difficult to use.
I have yet to meet anybody who actually practices this count.
The requires only counting low cards, offset by adjustments in the number of hands played.
There are no adjustments for the number of decks left, known as a "true count conversion.
The effectiveness and ease of use are a topic of hot debate in the blackjack community.
For more information, please read my.
If negative numbers are the only issue, my webmaster Bluejay notes that you could adjust any counting system that does not involve a true count conversion, like the Knock Out, by starting at a higher number.
Of course, you should adjust all the index numbers by the same amount.
If the Lucky Lady side bet is only played when the true count is, say, 10 or above, will one beat the house edge?
If so, what article source the minimum true count at which one source beat the house edge with this side bet?
I have not studied the effect of card counting of that bet for myself.
However, Arnold Snyder has, and his results can be found in his.
There he says you should make the bet in a six-deck game if it is the last two decks, and the count is +10 or greater, using the Red Sevens count.
In a double-deck game he says to bet in the last deck, and a count of +6 or greater.
I count cards 14 count.
I prefer to play alone at third base, and avoid really bad players.
The continuous shuffle machines are impossible to play and count.
Is there a current list of Las Vegas casinos using these machines?
They slow down the game, and if they smoke, they pose a health hazard.
Just about all Vegas casinos have some mixture of continuous shufflers, automatic shufflers, and hand-shuffled games.
For details on blackjack rules, including type of shuffle and penetration, there is no substitute for thefor which a paid membership is required.
What happens if you are caught counting card on a cruise ship?
Will they evict you at the next harbor, or.
They make you walk the plank.
The same way they usually do in land-based casinos.
Other cruise ships probably do the same thing.
I have been in the casino business for 27 years and have worked positions from dealer to casino manager.
Having been a manager, I know that even the best card counter does not win every time.
I believe it is not possible to win that many trips in a row and not be cheating somehow.
I have only dealt to him personally one time, and I was unable to detect anything out of the ordinary.
Do you think it is possible to win so many times in a row without cheating?
Let's ignore the house edge for the sake of simplicity.
So, this could easily be just good luck.
This brings to mind a very good book I just read, Casino-ology, by Bill Zender.
The main thrust of the book is that casino management is much too paranoid about advantage play.
The overreaction to it is slowing down play and annoying legitimate customers, the cost of which is much more than what is saved by catching a few extra advantage players.
While playing your free blackjack game on this site, I noticed that when the count got to, i.
Is this just a fluke, or is there some advantage to the player when the count is a high negative number?
The game shuffles after every hand, so the count is always zero at the start of the hand.
However, when there is a cut card, a negative count tends to be very slightly correlated to positive results since the start of the shoe.
That is because the negative count means that more good cards than bad have already been played, which would have been good for the player.
Long answer, If the numbers of 7s, 8s, and 9s are all twice what they should be, then the player should double 12 against a 6.
However, how often does that happen?
Even if it did, the best of card counting strategies would not identify the situation.
For confirmation, I asked Don Schlesinger, author ofwho said, "We kicked that around on the sites, and, with normal count systems, the answer was never.
I agree, that does seem like a good advantage play.
The rules say the penetration is 75%.
Twice I counted the number of cards seen per shoe, and I got 211 both times, which is 68%.
Shortow, a member of my forum, placed two videos of the cut card placement on YouTube:.
It looks to me like the penetration was a little deeper in video 2.
I would say it ranges from 60% to 70%, depending on the dealer.
Not only could the player easily count this game, but he could use a calculator on a separate screen to make perfect decisions.
The Blackjack Real Time Analzyer is one product that read more this.
However, I have no idea what kind of game protection they employ.
With every card scanned, it would not be difficult to determine the correlation between count and bet size and raise a red flag if the correlation was sufficiently positive.
If you give it a try, I'd be interested to know what happens.
This question was raised and discussed in the forum of my companion site.
What is the effect of removing a single particular card 2 to ace from a six-deck shoe in blackjack?
The following table shows the effect on the player's expected return by removing one card from a six-deck shoe, according to whether the dealer hits or stands on a soft 17.
For example, if the dealer stands on soft betfair live blackjack card counting, and the burn card is a five, then the house edge drops by 0.
Card Stand Soft 17 Hit Soft 17 2 0.
The table was created using the at bjstrat.
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What do you find to be the best method for counting cards in this web page />When you play do you count the cards?
And lastly would you even bother trying to count cards in a six-deck game?
There is a trade off with card counting strategies between power and ease of use.
I personally recommend the high-low count.
There are more complicated strategies out there, that are marginally more powerful, but much more difficult to use.
Personally, I rarely count cards any longer.
Six deck games are indeed worth counting if the rules are favorable and at least 75% or so of the cards are dealt.
In by Stuart Perry, the author spent most of his time playing 2 and 6 decks games, as opposed to single deck.
What is the value of the blackjack system called "Mastering the Flow?
It claims not to be a counting system, yet the vague description of the system that the website gives makes it sound like counting to me.
The claims are pretty out-there: "Win every time" etc.
I count cards using the KO PREFERREDand understand that this new "system" has to be either a simplistic count strategy, or a scam.
Would you look into it for us, the gullible public?
I had a look at the web site and also found what little he says about the theory behind his system makes it sound like card counting.
However I'm deeply skeptical of anything that claims to "blow old fashioned card counting away.
Love your site, I have a math degree and I am a counter who has made numerous trips to and I want to start to use my math skills to play poker.
Can I gain an advantage similar to counting in blackjack?
First, let me say that I'm not an expert on poker.
It is no big secret that is the most popular form.
In this game there are five community cards and only two down cards per player so a person good at calculating probabilities has more to go on.
However, even the best math genius may make a bad poker player if he can't https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/blackjack-pick-up-7-card-game.html the other players or the other players can easily read him both of which I think are true in my case.
On your blackjack page, in theyou indicate that the player has the edge in single-deck blackjack.
Numerous Vegas Casinos offer single-deck blackjack, but I doubt they are dealing a losing game.
Is your page incorrect or are the casinos just gambling on their clients not being able to play basic blackjack.
A friend of mine and I have a bet riding on this.
Is it true that with even a simple card counting system a competent blackjack player can consistently walk away a winner in the long run?
Thanks for your help.
You have a legitimate point.
At the time you wrote this I indicated the house edge according to a fixed set of rules that varied only by the number of decks.
However, in real life, when single deck is offered the other rules invariably become more stingy.
I have already enhanced the house edge table in the blackjack section to include a wider variation in rules.
The typical Las Vegas single-deck game does not allow doubling after a split and this web page dealer hits a soft 17.
With these rules, the house edge is 0.
The best single-deck game is at the Slots-a-Fun next to Circus Circus where the dealer stands on soft 17 for a player edge of 0.
Next door, at the Westward Ho, double after a split is allowed but the dealer hits a soft 17 for a house edge of 0.
About card counting, absolutely not, even the best of card counters will lose often.
An entire month can be at a loss.
Only over the very long haul does a net profit become likely.
Update: Since this writing the Westward Ho was torn down and the Slots-a-Fun has slots only.
Your newsletter gives the casino advantage on Spanish 21 as 0.
How effective is card counting in further reducing this house advantage and giving the advantage to the player?
Yes, this house edge is definitely low enough to consider card counting.
However counting may not be as effective in Spanish 21 as regular blackjack.
To the best of my knowledge nobody has developed index numbers for Spanish 21 but somebody should.
Great web page wiz!
I like to think of myself as a wiz of sorts.
Question -- I like to play casino blackjack -- mostly Las Vegas, I've been using Hi Opt 1 counting without great success.
In Casino Player Magazine Aug.
Can you comment on these and tell blackjack or craps house edge the point values assigned under these systems?
A book could be written in response to this question.
Please excuse me for only scraping the surface.
There are different ways to measure the strength of any given system.
My opinion is that the serious player should use the most powerful system that they are comfortable with.
It is better to play a level 1 system like the Hi Opt I well than to play a level 2 system badly like the Hi Opt II.
Biloxi, Mississippi casino has single-deck blackjack dealt to the bottom.
What is the casino's edge on this game?
Does the basic strategy for blackjack still hold still hold for this game?
Dealing to the bottom of the deck would not help the basic strategy player but greatly benefits the counter.
There would be no changes to the basic strategy.
However, this game may click to see more of interest to card counters.
Vegas World now the Stratosphere in Las Vegas used to have such a game but I don't think card counters ever took it seriously because of other adverse rules like a blackjack only paying even money.
I have never gambled on-line, but I would suppose that since you play the games from your computer, with no one watching, it would be a lot easier to do things like card counting or even using a computer to make your decisions.
Do on-line casinos have any way to check if you're cheating?
Also, do you have a time limit to play each hand?
Yes, you can easily count cards when playing blackjack online.
However, most casinos shuffle after every hand.
For those that don't, software exists to tell you the exact correct play given any deck composition.
However, such places generally have strict rules against card counters.
As long as you aren't playing at a multi-player table or live dealer, there is no time limit to play a hand.
Is counting cards in blackjack or any other card game for that matter pointless if one is using a truly infinite deck?
Do you change your strategy based on the play of other players at your table?
For example, you have players who hit when the dealer has a bust card face up taking the bust cards and therefore the dealer does not bust.
Unless you are a card counter, how other players play should not affect what you do.
Basic strategy players should stick to the basic strategy no matter how badly the other players play.
Other players are just as likely to help you as hurt you.
In the end, it makes no difference how they play.
Counter can play any number of boxes, and any bet amount.
Counter can stop at any time, but cannot rejoin a shoe after missing a hand, or join a shoe that is partway through.
I haven't done any simulations, but my educated option is a definite yes, this game can be beaten.
The strategy to use in this game would be to bet the minimum when the odds are against you and the maximum when they are in your favor.
Normally a sudden 50 times increase in bet size would set off a huge red flag but it seems the counter could do this with impunity in your game.
After taking a huge beating, the Atlantic City casinos begged the gaming authorities for a change in the rules, which they got.
Not only could this be beaten, but I think it would be a card counters dream.
What is the best counting system to use.
I've tried the Hi-Lo balanced and the KO unbalanced.
I like the KO system best because it seems to be the easiest.
But I have a fairly good mathematical mind and am able to concentrate pretty well.
I play in Biloxi, usually only double-deck games, DAS, split any pair, dealer stands on soft 17, one card after splitting aces, no surrender.
What's the best, don't mind a bit difficult, but don't want too difficult.
There is no best card counting system.
Personally I like balanced systems but don't know enough about the KO system to comment.
My opinion is that you should only consider systems you are comfortable using and among them weight both the power of the system and how comfortable you are with it.
You might try asking this at.
I recently started gambling online and like your site more than any other gambling site I've found.
Somewhere I remember you wrote that every online casino you'd seen shuffled the decks after every game.
By game to you mean hand?
Also, if they shuffle after every hand, doesn't this minimize the benefit something craps cloth uk not card counting?
Is there any significant benefit to card counting in that case?
Most online casinos shuffle after every hand.
However, the six-deck game at Unified Gaming casinos shuffles at a random point in the deck.
I have heard of other casinos that also penetrate more than one hand into a shoe, but I don't recall which ones.
If the cards are shuffled after every hand there is no use in card counting, other than applying my.
I play blackjack using Basic Strategy.
I raise my bet if I see a bunch of low cards and lower my bet it if I see high cards.
On my last trip to Las Vegas, two casinos asked me to step away from the table and told me to leave!
Please comment on this.
It does not seem fair.
You obviously understand that a deck rich in high cards favors the player and a deck rich in low cards favors the dealer.
Although your method is the crudest form of card counting it is still card counting.
Nevada casinos have the legal right to do what they did.
In the future, I mine buy blackjack tables pity recommend being more discrete.
Never more than double your bet, preferably only after winning.
If you feel you're being watched, then get up and leave before they do it for you.
Don't play too long in any one place.
Ian Anderson's "Turning the Tables in Las Vegas" gives lots of tips about looking like an ordinary player while card counting.
As a card counter, what are the odds to make it as a professional blackjack player?
What do we have to do?
First, it takes a lot of time to learn the theory and strategy of card counting and get your counting speed up to casino play.
For most people, I think it is better to play part time.
I realize that card counting is pretty much a thing of the past and only if you can find a single-deck game.
I also realize that if you are good at it you will probably be asked to leave which just about loses my interest in it.
Card counting is still alive and well.
It is just as easy to count one deck as it is to count eight.
Many card counters prefer the multi-deck games.
There is lots that can be done to avoid being asked to leave, like short playing sessions and acting like a typical bad player.
I try to explain why card counting works in my.
I have just got into online gambling and have referred to your site for pretty much everything.
I appreciate all the information on the single-deck information, but what about the six deck game?
Can you tell me the player or dealer edge in this game as well as a basic strategy?
It would seem to me that this would be one of the best bets at which to count cards.
Thank you in advance!
You should follow my multiple-deck strategy but surrender against aces in the same hands as You 10000 blackjack simply single-deck strategy.
I haven't studied if counting this game is more profitable than the single-deck game, but I would be interested to hear from anyone who is doing as you suggest.
I read on your web site that you recently had a chance to visit Tunica, Mississippi.
I play very often at the Grand.
I am sure you have heard of the side bet known as Triple 7s.
I don't consider myself a good card counter, or even an average one, but say no 7s had been played at all in six hands would the odds not be in my favor to play go here side bet?
Yes, I've seen that bet in Tunica.
I address it in my.
I agree that side bet would seem very countable.
First of all, I think your web site is great and want to thank you for all this great, solid information.
My question is this: blackjack tables have a maximum bet limit that more than increases when you move up from the five dollar table to the ten etc.
I suppose this is to discourage larger stakes gamblers from playing at lower stakes tables but how do they calculate these limits?
I notice that they are different at different casinos.
Also, on your chart of the house edge, it would be great to see a comparison of house edge for a blackjack player using Basic Strategy vs.
Thanks again for the great work.
Casinos generally try to keep the maximum bet about 200 to 500 times the minimum bet.
The answer seems to be that casinos like to corral their big bettors into certain areas.
Such high-limit areas tend to have the best staff and surveillance.
Limiting the ratio of maximum to minimum bet is also a defense against cheating and advantage play.
The advantage of card counting depends on how good and aggressive the card counter is.
Other than myI leave that topic to here gambling writers.
There are a few cards left in the shoe part of the machine anywhere from 1 to 20 or so that are not shuffled.
Is there any way this can be used to advantage?
For example, I was thinking that there is a lower but still not zero probability of having a card repeated two hands in a row.
Sit out if there were a lot of high cards last hand.
Maybe enough to skew the odds?
As a card counter it would probably be safe to use a true count from just the last hand played and off the top of a shoe.
I am an avid Blackjack player.
I guess my brain has trouble remembering the count while calculating my hand totals.
What is your method for keeping the running count straight in your head?
To be honest with you I forget the running count myself sometimes.
Other than that all I can suggest is play more.
The more you play the easier it should become.
Your site is great.
Being article source beginner it has given me lots of good advice.
Thanks for the compliments.
Most online casinos shuffle the cards after every hand.
At single deck casinos Boss Media version 1, Microgaming, Unified Gaming you can use the cards already on the table to alter your play sometimes.
See my for all the details.
There are some casinos that play into a shoe a little way but not far, and have restrictive betting limits.
I have yet to be convinced of any worthwhile opportunity on the Internet to count cards.
If you can count down one deck you can count down six.
It is just a matter of counting longer between shuffles.
You said that sport betting would be one of the ways to earn a living.
Could you elaborate a little bit?
Does it have similar edge over the bookmaker as blackjack with card counting does over the casino?
Sports betting is not my strong point, although I plan to learn more about it when I have the time.
I will say it is hard to compare the profitability of sports betting to card counting.
Card counting is very technical and by the book.
Making money sports betting requires more judgement and is more subject to opinion.
There are various strategies one can employ to make money sports betting, for example looking to arbitrage games by taking both sides at different casinos under different point spreads, looking to exploit unusual proposition bets, or going after correlated parlays.
As you state on your site the house edge in blackjack is very low.
Maybe you should increase your bet when the dealer gets 4 or 5 cards, because the cards would likely be small and the next hand would be large card rich?
This is an oversimplified method of counting cards.
Better yet survey all the cards on the table.
If you see a lot of small cards, especially fives and sixes, and few large cards, especially aces, then raise your bet.
If you see the opposite then lower your bet.
The fewer the decks the better this will work.
Hello, thanks for the great website.
There is a lot of helpful information.
I hate to bother you, but I wanted to let you know about a variation of blackjack that I played recently.
They had a few tables that at first glance looked like 2 deck pitch blackjack.
Upon further examination they were using automatic shufflers and according to the rules they listed, this game consisted of eight decks and the automatic shuffler dispensed approximately 100 cards.
The game was dealt using these 100 cards.
The dealer put the cut card approximately half way in the 100 card deck and then dealt.
When the cut card was reached, the dealer would put the cards back in to the automatic shuffler and take 100 more cards from the machine and start dealing again.
In this game you could not double down after a split, and you could split up to 3 times.
Mathematically speaking this is the same as playing from an eight deck game.
Players have been known to be fooled, incorrectly thinking these are double deck games.
For card counting purposes the penetration is 50 out of 416, or 12.
I was recently playing single deck blackjack with one other patron at the table and right after the shuffle I got 2 aces and split them and got 21 on both hands!
My question is this: What should I do on the next hand considering that the deck just lost 3 aces and 4 tens and only 2 small cards?
Should I go to the bathroom, leave the table I had just sat down 2 hands prior.
Thanks for your great site.
It is just as fun to learn about all the different aspects of the games as it is to use your advice and know I am playing the best game I can!
This would be a good time to either bet small, go to the bathroom, or just leave, depending on your style of play.
Personally I hate bouncing up and down and would just bet small.
There are lots of books that explain specifically how to count cards.
However for the amateur if you see a disproportionate number of tens and aces leave the deck bet less.
Likewise bet more if lots of small cards leave the deck, especially fives and sixes.
Thanks for your kind words about my site.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
My educated guess is that if the index numbers were not rounded then it would be greater than 0 but less than one half.
So it is getting rounded down to zero.
Making the index number 1 would result in more of a rounded error, causing players in slightly positive decks to hit when they should stand.
Michael, a person asked you if they are not counting cards in blackjack, what difference does it make how many decks are being used.
You stated the difference had mostly to do with the number of stiff hands possible, due to the fact that if a small card came out it was more likely a large card would follow and vice-a-versa.
How could that be?
Would it still not be a random event with the possibility of happens. blackjack online at games com small or large card coming out being equal, if you are not counting?
Every legitimate blackjack expert agrees the house edge decreases as the number of decks goes down, all other rules being equal.
However it is hard to explain why.
First, it is true that you are more likely to get one small card and one big card in single-deck than multiple-deck.
Although stiffs can cut both ways the player has the free will to stand, the dealer must always hit them.
Is there software that will count cards as you input them?
Can this be used to play online blackjack?
Or does online blackjack shuffle after each hand?
Have a look at Beejack.
Most, but not all, casinos shuffle after every hand.
I don't know if it practical to actually use this product.
If you try it please let me know how you do, I might like to try it myself.
Note: The link to Beejack was removed in 2014, due to a potential virus with that site.
Proceed there with caution.
Does losing a hand at blackjack increase the probability that the composition of the deck is in your favor?
More specifically, is your expected return on one hand ever positive after a given net loss since the last shuffle?
Without knowing anything else, if you lost the last hand in blackjack then it is slightly more likely that more small cards than large just left the deck.
This would make the remaining deck more large card rich and thus lower the house edge.
However I speculate this is an extremely small effect.
Yet it does go to show that if you must use a betting system one that increases the bet after a loss is better than one that increases after a win.
I hesitate to put this in writing at all because again the effect is probably very small and I fear system sellers will misquote me and imply I endorse any system, which I DO NOT.
Assuming you are good at estimating how many cards were left in the shoe.
No, it would be both harder and less powerful to only count the large cards.
The high cards count as -1 and the low cards as +1 and you keep a running total as you play.
So most cards offset each other and the running count tends to stay close to zero.
So you are only keeping track of one number.
If you only tracked high cards the total would run high and then you would have to carefully divide it by the number of remaining cards.
Even https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/bet365-blackjack-app.html you were good at estimating the number of remaining cards the division would be difficult to do well.
Love your site, please keep it up.
I have 2 questions would like to ask.
Is it useless or simply not as effective for other card games like baccarat?
Thanks for the kind words.
To answer question one, baccarat is not countable for all practical purposes.
I have wondered about your second question myself.
My shows that removing a 2 from each deck adds 0.
So if you must track only one the 2 is better.
The tracks both the 2 and 7.
Both times I did this the dealer yelled "table max" and the pit crew was suddenly watching the game very closely.
How close was I to getting backroomed in your opinion?
That tactic is only allowed in cases of cheating.
However it still has been known to happen.
Fortunately in such cases where the counter sued the case the counter won.
If I may say I think Canada is more mellow and non-confrontational than the U.
This is also my policy, unless I feel there is no heat at all.
Are there any published card-counting strategies for Spanish 21?
If not, do you think the rules of Spanish 21 make it conducive to counting?
There was discussion about this at www.
As I recall the consensus was that counting was not as advantageous as in blackjack this web page you could get away with a lot more.
I know of no published material on this.
Why is there so much written about card counting strategies in BJ, if they are not as rewarding "as television and the movies make it out to be"?
This seems highly illogical to me and is really puzzling.
There is a lot written about card counting simply because the books sell.
I suspect many people watch a movie like Rain Man and get interested in card counting.
Then they buy a book and realize it is too hard or give it a try and get discouraged because they lose.
Only the most patient, devoted, and well financed players stick with it.
I read somewhere that online casinos may shuffle the deck after every turn and that card counting then would be of no value.
How can I find out for sure if a casino is doing this?
You could test for how often the same card appears in two consecutive hands.
If you see fewer repeats than would argue that the cards are not shuffled after every hand.
It is easier, but less reliable, to just ask customer support.
Since you are very well-known and respected for your expertise on gambling, statistics, house odds, etc, do local casinos still allow you to play at their Blackjack tables, since you obviously are an experienced counter?
It is my policy not to count in Las Vegas.
So I am allowed to play blackjack at all but two casinos locally.
However last January I went to Reno and Lake Tahoe for a few days and was told not to play blackjack at four different casinos.
How many "successful" card counters, i.
In would say in a large Strip type casino the number of counters who know what they are doing on a given night is in my best guess one half of a single person or two casinos would have one person.
The reason I think it is this low betfair live blackjack card counting in my many hundreds of hours at the blackjack tables I only spotted other counters twice.
At the same time, if I read you right, you seem to say that you think half the players in a strip type casino are successful counters.
That seems to be a contradiction.
Maybe you meant one half of one percent.?
Assuming you see 10 or 12 players per hour that might be more in line with the math.
What I meant was half of one person, or one person for every two casinos.
However you were not the only person I confused so I reworded my original answer to say half on one person, not half of everyone playing.
What are the pros and cons of burning a card on a blackjack shoe game, when a new dealer taps onto the table?
If you are counting cards then it is like decreasing the penetration by one card.
Or do you not actually play at all?
I think a lot of your "readers" would be interested in that, but you may not want your hosts to know!
The only time I might play for fun is if I am entertaining somebody visiting Vegas and am just out gambling with them.
Otherwise I always look for an edge.
I also play new games sometimes just to ensure that I understand the rules correctly.
I am a casual Basic Strategy blackjack player who would like to learn a counting technique that offers positive or even expected value.
Hopefully, my cards are representative of all cards played and thus the count of my hand is close enough to the true running count that I can adjust my wagering accordingly.
Do you feel that this could be a valid approach particularly against 6-8 deck shoes or am I just a lazy guy looking for the easy way out?
The easiest counting method is what I call the "eyeball" method, in which if you see lots of small cards come out then increase your bet, and vise versa.
However this betfair live blackjack card counting better suited to one and two deck games.
This requires only counting aces and fives.
According to Ken Uston in Million Dollar Blackjack this give the player an additional 0.
That is enough to overcome the house edge in most games.
Not being allowed to see other player cards until the end of the hand gives the player less information, which works against card counters.
Basically this looks like a two-way clicker to help the player keep track of the running count in blackjack.
From what I read there is no true count conversion or index number help.
Still knowing the running count and betting accordingly is much better than not counting at all.
It is also a clever disguise.
However be aware that using any device to help calculate the probabilities on any game in a Nevada casinos is a felony and carries a punishment comparable to bank robbery.
What incentive does a dealer have to "tell on you" if he suspects you are card counting.
Why would a dealer care if you are card counting or not?
If the counter were tipping then the dealer has the choice of not telling and getting more tips or tattling to get on the good side of casino management.
I think it in large part comes down to the attitude of the dealer, whether he is rooting for the player or the casino.
Dealers who are loyal to their employer first will probably tell, and tipping may not help.
Dealers share tips so the dealer you give your tip to may only get 1% of it.
In my opinion dealers loyal to the casino are more likely to be women than men and Asians over any other race.
The decision to tip is hotly debated in the counting community and many counters follow the Stanford Wong philosophy of only tipping if the cover it buys you is more than in value than the tip itself.
This may explain the joke that the difference between a counter and a canoe is that a canoe sometimes tips.
Other counters tip anyway whether they think it buys them cover or not because they believe in tipping.
First of all thanks for the great site.
Is there no point in card counting if it is a single deck that is reshuffled after every hand?
There is still some point, especially with a full table.
According to my simulations in six-deck game with no three-card guarantee and 75% penetration the true count is 5 or greater 23.
In the game with a three-card guarantee https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/blackjack-world-tour-app.html average advantage goes up to 29.
I was wondering how the house advantage would change if you played 5 hands at a time using basic strategy blackjack and card counting at an online casino.
I know the deck is shuffled with each hand, however you can count the cards of all hands leading up to the last hand - the 5th hand.
You can then use this information to help you modify your basic strategy betting.
For example, not doubling down click to see more the count is against you or hitting when you normally should stay.
Could this possibly shift the overall odds to the players advantage?
Flat betting and only five spots, I think not.
However if you bet seven spots and progressively more on each spot to be played then yes.
This is called depth charging and is treated lightly in the book by Ian Andersen.
The index number of 16 against a 10 in most blackjack counting systems is zero.
So if the deck were completely neutral you should stand, because you stand if the count is equal or exceeds the index number.
Yet the basic strategy tables tell us to hit.
This seems to be a contradiction.
In all honesty this is an old question but I got a better answer from Chris F.
A good example of this is that in single deck the correct play is to stand on 7,7 against a 10, because half of the sevens in the deck are already gone, and that is what you need to beat a dealer 20 with 3 cards.
Either way two cards that would bust the player by hitting have been removed.
So the deck is slightly rich in small cards that will not bust the player, giving the player an incentive to hit.
While this is true I was skeptical because in an infinite deck game the odds still favor hitting.
However except in a few Internet casinos an infinite deck is just an abstraction.
Then I gave the dealer a 10 and myself a 10 and 6.
So the player was playing this hand against a neutral deck with 31 of each card A-9 and 124 tens.
Here is the expected values: Play Expected Value Stand -0.
It is the same if I remove the following: A,2,3,4,5,6,8,10,10,10 to simulate 9,7 vs 10, because the player is going against the exact same neutral shoe.
It just goes to show how powerful the effect of removal is, even when just three cards in an eight-deck game.
So as I just showed going into a neutral deck the odds favor standing.
The reason hitting is correct in an infinite deck is because there is no effect of removal.
If you accidentally hit a 16 vs 10 in a neutral shoe, and got a low card, then the dealer would have a better chance of getting a 10 in the hole.
This fact is reflected in the higher expected value for standing in an 8-deck game, but would not matter in an infinite deck.
For the record, here are the expected values in an infinite deck game: I've been counting cards and things have been going okay.
I only go to casinos on the East Coast, but last week I was on vacation in Vegas.
Well I went to the Barbary Coast where they had two-deck blackjack with pretty good rules.
Anyway I didn't say anything took my chips cashed out and left!
Now do I have to worry about them having identified me with any kind of face recognition software or anything?
Do I have to worry on the East Coast?
The Barbary Coast is notorious for having a low tolerance for counters.
I wouldn't worry about the incident going past the memory of that pit boss.
What happened to you is known as a "back off", which is nothing more than a warning.
To get in the Griffin Book of undesirable players you need to be a much more serious threat.
I don't know Griffin's secrets but in my estimation you need to be a black chip counter and have been backed off or read the trespass act several times before you make it in the book for the reason of card counting.
Would you still let them play?
Even 6 to 5 blackjack can be beaten if the penetration is close to 100% and a huge bet spread is used.
Sometimes counters will play such games because they can get away with much more.
The decision must be made on a case by case basis.
You have made it known that you use card counting in casinos.
Why do casinos let you still play in their casinos?
I was recognized in Reno when counting once, although it may have been by dealer who knew me personally and tattled.
It is a long and bizarre story.
Wizard, I have been reviewing your site in preparation for a trip to Vegas, because it is the best gambling site period.
I was intrigued by the analysis from your about when to stand with 16 vs.
Being a math person myself I want to maximize the odds, but also understand the slim gain.
Thanks for all you do!
Thanks for the kind words.
If it is a face-up game, with other players, I scan the table and just use my best judgment.
Mathematically speaking, third base is best because you have seen more cards by the time it is your turn, and thus have more information.
However, given six positions at the table, I personally prefer the fourth position because I have a better view of the entire table.
I know this will not change my results all that much, but I think it is a psychological barrier that many players wish to pass.
You can read all about it in my section on the.
In regards to yourwhat effects does real casino play versus your simulation have on the bank role needed to have a reasonable risk of ruin.
More specifically, is your simulation played head to head with a dealer, where when the count is high you are betting the higher bets more times per shoe than at a real table where 6 players are using up cards when the count is high, resulting in fewer chances to bet when the count is high.
Yes, they will eat up cards when the count is good, but they will also do so when the count is bad.
However, in terms of expected wins per hour, when you have an advantage, it helps to have fewer players, because you will play more hands in the same amount of time.
Are there any other basic strategy changes that have a meaningful impact to expected return at various counts?
At some count you should start to accept insurance.
On your web page, you state that continuous shuffling machines reduce the house edge in Blackjack.
Although I have no doubt that you have proven this mathematically, this result appears to be in conflict with the "Floating Advantage" concept described in Chapter 6 of Don Schlesinger's.
Basically, the "Floating Advantage" concept appears to indicate that the house edge decreases as more decks are removed from play betfair live blackjack card counting of the true count.
For me, it is difficult to reconcile the fact that the house edge can decrease when cards are immediately replenished when CSMs are used and also when cards are utilized and not replenished when shoes are used.
Can you comment on this observation?
For the benefit of others, let me briefly summarize both arguments.
The states the house edge is less in a continuously shuffled game, as opposed to a cut-card game, all other things being equal.
The "Floating Advantage" concept betfair live blackjack card counting that for the card counter the odds get better the deeper into the deck or shoe the dealer gets.
According to Stanford Wong, ".
So, for example, the house edge in a six-deck with one deck left, at a count of zero, has about the same house edge as a single-deck game with the same rules.
Unfortunately the Floating Knows reglas blackjack europeo think does not benefit non-counters.
While they will benefit, unknowingly, at close to neutral true counts, they will do worse at extremely high and low counts.
According to Schlesinger, " Seems that, at the one-deck level, extremely high counts produce less edge than expected for the basic strategist many pushes and the extreme negative counts were found to be even more unfavorable than previously thought doubles, splits, and stands tend to be disastrous.
In conclusion, both the Cut-Card Effect and Floating Advantage are distinct topics and do not contradict each other.
To compare them is to compare apples and oranges.
For more information please read chapter 6 in by Don Schlesinger.
Spirit Mountain Casino in Grand Ronde Oregon added a side bet in the last 24 hours called "Field Gold 21.
The side bet can be between 1 and 25 dollars.
The pay table follows.
What is the house advantage?
If I keep an Aces and Fives count is there a positive count where the possible remaining aces make the bet a positive proposition?
Would counting remaining aces divided by remaining decks be better?
Here is the return table.
Is it possible to combine the Ace-Five system with some form of penetration adjustment.
Or is this just likely to draw more attention from the pit if they are looking for card counters?
However, you may make one yourself if you wish.
Just divide the running count by the number what deck pitch blackjack decks remaining.
The greater the true count, the more you should bet.
Do all card counting strategies tell you the same information?
Or do the different systems consider different things to be advantageous to the player?
Thanks If different counters were using different count strategies at the same table the bet amounts would be highly correlated.
Most of the time they would all bet big or all bet small.
The close to neutral counts may see some diversity.
When the bet sizes are different, the counters with the more difficult, and thus more efficient, strategies are probably right.
There is a good table at on the index numbers and efficiency of various popular card counting strategies.
In the UK insurance is only offered on a blackjack.
Have I got this right?
The value of taking insurance, when the true count is +3 or more, adds 0.
However this does not come close to half the total advantage from strategy changes.
Looking only at the top printable blackjack rules count dependent plays the Illustrious 18plus the top 4 count dependent surrenders the Fab Four the total value to the counter is 0.
So correct insurance accounts for only 25% of the value of strategy changes.
A good counter will gain about another 1% by betting more in good counts.
So taking away the insurance option reduces the total value of counting by only about 8%.
In the UK it would be slightly less because betfair live blackjack card counting can still insure with a blackjack.
The advantage figures are rough and depend on lots of things.
The value of all surrender deviations is about the same of insurance deviations.
If either is yes, how high or low?
That would increase your advantage, but at the risk of being backed off from the table.
My advice is to not do it.
Leaving the shoe in a low count is a well-known trick.
That is a great time to hit the bathroom or pretend your cell phone is vibrating.
It is up to you at what point to do this.
There is a tradeoff between suffering a shoe with a negative EV and looking like a counter jumping in and out all the time.
Thanks for the informative site.
I can effectively count cards at an online casino, playing head-to-head with the dealer.
At a real casino, however, I usually get distracted and lose the count.
If the cards are dealt face down, forget about it.
But that was in my pre-card counting days.
My question is whether the card counting pros come out at night when table traffic is down, and if so, is the casino more wary of 4:00 AM players than daytime or evening players?
Card counters usually prefer to play by themselves, all other things being equal.
Once when I was caught counting on a cruise ship, the casino manager was kind enough to list all the red flags I raised, and it was an embarrassingly long list.
One was playing at 3 A.
So, this casino manager at least felt counters were more of a risk late at night.
Given that experience, I think blending in at busy times outweighs the better conditions at slow times.
About losing the count, I recommend getting a deck of cards and flipping them over two at a time, keeping the count as you go.
Try to get through the deck, with an accurate count, within 25 seconds.
I was backed off while playing for low stakes at Sienna in Reno.
They were very nice about it, and just asked me to stop playing blackjack.
I play there about one weekend every four months.
I like playing there and would be happy to flat bet.
How likely click it that they would let me play again?
If I went back in four months and flat bet would they even recognize me?
Alternatively, would I be better off to approach the pit boss, tell him the situation and ask if I could play if I flat bet?
Thanks for the great web site!
Thank you for the compliment.
The Sienna is a classy casino, my favorite in Reno.
They are also one of the few places with a liberal single-deck game in Reno, in which you may double on any first two cards.
You should not ask permission to play, because they would be unlikely to reverse themselves.
Your odds are much better waiting before coming back.
Four months is pushing it on the delay, I would skip them a trip, and wait eight months.
Knowing the count, do my odds increase significantly enough to make a side bet of "over 13, under 13" worthwhile?
That side bet is extremely vulnerable to card counters.
As long as the minimum is not too low, you should be using another strategy to exploit it, one that treats aces as a low card.
Arnold Synder presents such a strategy in.
Otherwise, if you are using a standard hi-lo count, Synder says to only make the Over bet in very high counts.
That has actually happened to me.
I suppose if you did not comply, and were caught, they might make you get off at the next port, and not let you get back on.
Signage on my last cruise indicated they will do that if they catch you with illegal drugs.
This question is about counting cards in a two-deck blackjack game.
I usually just assume it is a negative, but there has to be a better way than this conservative approach.
A burned card is just like any unseen card left in the shoe.
In the Knock-Out count you can completely ignore it, because there is no true count conversion.
In the Hi-Lo, or any count with a true count conversion, a perfectionist would add the number of burn cards to the number of cards remaining in the deck.
However, since there is usually just one burn card, it can be safely ignored under any card counting strategy.
A minor reason is to foil card counters.
However, instead of burning x cards, the dealer could move the cut card x cards forward, and achieve the same purpose.
The major reason is game protection.
For one, the player might catch a glimpse of the top card, and alter his bet and strategy, based on this information.
Such a tactic would not be cheating, I might add.
The top card is also vulnerable to lots of cheating schemes.
It could be marked, the dealer could peek at it, or force a desired card to the top.
If for any reason the dealer knew what the top card was, betfair live blackjack card counting could signal that information to a confederate player, giving him a huge advantage.
I would have much better luck if I could just count the tens and never deal with negative numbers.
That should be possible, right?
The major factor is how "rich in tens" the deck is, right?
So my questions are: a Am I barking up the wrong tree entirely by thinking you could use just a count of tens adjusted for number of decks left, of course?
Lest any experts in blackjack history correct me, Lawrence Revere has a chapter on the Revere Ten Count Strategy in his classic work.
This strategy requires keeping two counts, one of tens, and one of everything else.
Play and bet amount is then dictated by the ratio of these two counts.
In my opinion, this strategy is too difficult to use.
I have yet to meet anybody who actually practices this count.
The requires only counting low cards, offset by adjustments in the number of betfair live blackjack card counting played.
There are no adjustments for the number of decks left, known as a "true count conversion.
The effectiveness and ease of use are a topic of hot debate in the blackjack community.
For more information, please read my.
If negative numbers are the only issue, my webmaster Bluejay nirvana blackjack strain that you could adjust any counting system that does not involve a true count conversion, like the Knock Out, by starting at a higher number.
Of course, you should adjust all the index numbers by the same amount.
If the Lucky Lady side bet is only played when the true count is, say, 10 or above, will one beat the house edge?
If so, what is the minimum true count at which one can beat the house edge with this side bet?
I have not studied the effect of card counting of that bet for myself.
However, Arnold Snyder has, and his results can be found in his.
There he says you should make the bet in a six-deck game if it is the last two decks, and the count is +10 or greater, using the Red Sevens count.
In a double-deck game he says to bet in the last deck, and a count of +6 or greater.
I count cards 14 count.
I prefer to play alone at third base, and avoid really bad players.
The continuous shuffle machines are impossible to play and count.
Is there a current list of Las Vegas casinos using these machines?
They slow down the game, and if they smoke, they pose a health hazard.
Just about all Vegas casinos have some mixture of continuous shufflers, automatic shufflers, and hand-shuffled games.
For details on blackjack rules, including type of shuffle and penetration, there is no substitute for thefor which a paid membership is required.
What happens if you are caught counting card on a cruise ship?
Will they evict you at the next harbor, or.
They make you walk the plank.
The same way they usually do in land-based casinos.
Other cruise ships probably do the same thing.
I have been in the casino business for 27 years and have worked positions from dealer to casino manager.
Having been a manager, I know that even the best card counter does not win every time.
I believe it is not possible to win that many trips in a row and not be cheating somehow.
I have only dealt to him personally one time, and I was unable to detect anything out of the ordinary.
Do you think it is possible to win so many times in a row without cheating?
Let's ignore the house edge for the sake of simplicity.
So, this could easily be just good luck.
This brings to mind a very good book I just read, Casino-ology, by Bill Zender.
The main thrust of the book is that casino management is much too paranoid about advantage play.
The overreaction to it is slowing down play and annoying legitimate customers, the cost of which is much more than what is saved by catching a few extra advantage players.
While playing your free blackjack game on this site, I noticed that when the count got to, i.
Is this just a fluke, or is there some advantage to the player when the count is a high negative number?
The game shuffles after every hand, so the count is always zero at the start of the hand.
However, when there is a cut card, a negative count tends to be very slightly correlated to positive results since the start of the shoe.
That is because the negative count means that more good cards than bad have already been played, which would have been good for the player.
Long answer, If the numbers of 7s, 8s, and 9s are all twice what they should be, then the player should double 12 against a 6.
However, how often does that happen?
Even if it did, the best of card counting strategies would not identify the situation.
For confirmation, I asked Don Schlesinger, author ofwho said, "We kicked that around on the sites, and, with normal count systems, the answer was never.
I agree, that does seem like a good advantage play.
The rules say the penetration is 75%.
Twice I counted the number of cards seen per shoe, and I got 211 both times, which is 68%.
Shortow, a member of my forum, placed two videos of the cut card placement on YouTube:.
It looks to me like the penetration was a little deeper in video 2.
I would say it ranges from 60% to 70%, depending on the dealer.
Not only could the player easily count this game, but he could use a calculator on a separate screen to make perfect decisions.
The Blackjack Real Time Analzyer is one product that does this.
However, I have no idea what kind of game protection they employ.
With every card scanned, it would not be difficult to determine the correlation between count and bet size and raise a red flag if the correlation was sufficiently positive.
If you give it a try, I'd be interested to know what happens.
This question was raised and discussed in the forum of my companion site.
What is the effect of removing a single particular card 2 to ace from a six-deck shoe in blackjack?
The following table shows the effect on the player's expected return by removing one card from a six-deck shoe, according to whether the dealer hits or stands on a soft 17.
For example, if the dealer stands on soft 17, and the burn card is a five, then the house edge drops by 0.
Card Stand Soft 17 Hit Soft 17 2 0.
The table was created using the at bjstrat.
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Blackjack Card Counting. How to Count Cards & Is it Legal?
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Blackjack offers the informed punter one of the best ways to make money in the online casino world; however, if you're not an "informed punter" then it can be one of the most financially taxing options in the gaming world.
Fortunately for you, here at Betfair Casino we want everyone to be more info, which is why we've put together a complete guide to the best blackjack strategies around.
Although you'll still need a dose of luck on your side when you face off against the dealer, you'll certainly be in a much better position to make some money if you follow our advice.
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Become a Cheater: Of course, here at Betfair Casino we're not advocating that you cheat, but we are suggesting that you use a blackjack cheat sheet.
Listing every scenario you'll face at the blackjack table, a cheat sheet will tell you when it's mathematically correct to hit, stand, split and double your hand based on what up card the dealer has.
This is a fantastic tool for novice players as it will give them a much better insight into which moves make sense at the virtual blackjack table.
Balance your Books: To become a successful online blackjack player you should never risk 10% of your overall bankroll in any one blackjack session.
Moreover, you should ensure that every bet you make isn't more than 5% of your session bankroll.
Learn to Count: Card counting is a relatively simple process, but implementing it at the table isn't easy.
If you plan to use this system, make sure you read as many books on the subject as you can and never try to card count if you aren't 100% confident because a botched attempt will cost you a lot device blackjack peeking money.
Take it Slow: Greed can often be the downfall of a player, so when you're at the table try not to let a win streak cause you to alter your strategy.
Betting more and taking greater risks just because you're in profit is the fastest way to undo all your hard work.
Blackjack Betting Techniques As you can see, becoming a profitable blackjack player isn't rocket science.
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However, if you really betfair live blackjack card counting to boost your bankroll you this web page to implement a solid betting strategy.
In the world of gambling there are dozens of techniques, however, betfair live blackjack card counting all of them are effective.
To help you find a system that will work inside Betfair Casino, check out our list of blackjack betting methods and decide for yourself which one will suit your style.
The Martingale System - Great for guaranteeing a win if you have a large bankroll.
Bluejay's Half-Bankroll Strategy - This strategy is an all-or-nothing approach which is fantastic for those who enjoy taking a risk.
The Labouchere Betting System - A negative progression betting method which is effective for intermediate and expert layers.
The Daniel Rainsong Method - An unorthodox technique that was tested extensively in a famous blackjack challenge.
Flat Betting - Simple, effective and a great starting point for anyone just starting out in the blackjack world.
The Parlay Betting Method - If you're a beginner with a small bankroll then there are few better ways to win a lot of money without having to stake a lot of money.
Up and Pull - Similar to the parlay system, this positive progression method is great if you have a small starting stake.
The D'alembert Method - An up and down system, this strategy is seen as a lighter version of the fabled Martingale System.
Bringing it all Together Hopefully our guide to blackjack betting has given you some insight into how you can make money at the virtual felt.
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The systems listed above all have the positives and negatives, but it's up to you betfair live blackjack card counting choose the one that fits with your style.
https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/what-is-blackjack-213.html you've done this we think you'll find that your returns at the blackjack table hit a new high.
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Blackjack Expert Explains How Card Counting Works

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Blackjack - Counting Cards - Wizard of Odds
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Using the optimal strategy, the house advantage can be reduced to less than 1%.
Yet even with these favourable conditions, in the long run, the casino ultimately comes out on top.
However, here is where card counting comes into play.
Using this tactic, you can reduce the house edge as low as it can possibly go, and even make profits in the long run.
In this page, I will show you how to count cards and show you betfair live blackjack card counting you really can make money.
How does it work in General?
Do you Know the Standard Strategy?
By counting cards, you get an overview of the balance of high and low cards which are still in the shoe.
This enables you to assess whether the situation is better than average, meaning that you have a higher probability of making a profit.
In this way, you can exploit the positive situation, by placing higher bets, which will compensate for any previous losses, and can also enable you to make additional profits.
Therefore, card counting influences the amount of your bets.
However, betfair live blackjack card counting using this tactic, you need to know the best moves to make for each situation.
Therefore, you should use strategy tables to ensure that you to play each hand optimally to maximise your chances of winning.
So how do you identify these positive situations?
How do you know when there are more favourable cards left in the shoe, meaning you should place higher bets in order to make bigger profits?
This means that many small value cards need to be drawn towards the beginning of the game.
The shoe usually contains between 4 β€” 8 decks of cards, and at the start of the game, there is the same probability for each card to be drawn.
As the game progresses, you need to keep track of all the cards that are dealt.
You do not need to remember each and every card that is drawn, you simply track the ratio of high cards that are dealt vs low cards.
Therefore, when there are only a few cards left in the shoe, you will know whether there are a higher proportion of high cards or low cards left.
At this point, if many smaller cards have been drawn, leaving more high valued cards, then you should increase your bet size.
The Running Count β€” How to Count the Cards The simplest and most common way of counting cards is using the Hi-Lo system.
This basic method assigns a positive, negative or neutral value to each card.
All cards with a value of 2 to 6 count as +1, with all tens and aces worth -1.
The 7, 8 and 9 are neutral as they do not particularly influence the overall outcome, so these count as 0.
With a freshly shuffled deck, the count starts at zero, and for each card that is dealt both to the players and the dealer you update the running count accordingly.
Depending on the cards that are dealt throughout the games, sometimes the running count will be positive, other times it will be negative.
For the best outcome, you need to end up with a high positive count towards the end of the card shoe.
In this situation, you can increase your bet size, in order to maximise your profits.
True Count Calculation β€” When to Start Betting Bigger If you have a high positive running count, then your instinct may be to increase your bet size.
However, there are more factors to consider before deciding whether you can exploit the situation.
If your high positive count comes after just one or two games, this really does not give this web page a clear indication of which cards will be drawn next.
This is because with so many cards left in the shoe, the variance is too high to accurately determine the probability of which cards will be drawn next.
Likewise, if you get towards the end of the deck and have only a small positive count, say for example +2, this is also not conclusive enough for you to determine the next cards.
Although the count is positive, there is very little difference to allow you to exploit the results to your advantage.
For these reasons, as well as tallying the count of the card value, you also need to factor in the amount of cards that are left in the shoe.
With both these pieces of information, you can calculate the true count.
This result will enable you to more accurately determine which stakes you should play with.
The easiest way to calculate the true count is to divide the running count by the number of remaining decks in the shoe β€” then multiply by the total number of decks.
The same calculation also works with the number of remaining cards.
But you have to keep count of the actual number of cards dealt in addition to the running count, and the calculation is more complicated.
The optimal way to play when counting cards is to start off by betting with the lowest possible table limits.
If the true count gets higher, then you can increase your bet size accordingly.
If the true count reaches just click for source into negative figures, you should consider whether it is actually worth continuing to play.
If the count clearly is not favourable towards you, it may be best waiting until the shoe is empty, or all cards are shuffled, and then start over again.
Optimised Card Counting Strategies As already mentioned, this method is one of the easiest for counting cards, as all cards are assigned to certain categories.
Rather than counting individual values, cards are grouped into positive, negative and neutral categories.
However, clearly this generalisation of the card values does not provide the optimal way to count cards.
For instance, an ace does not have the same value as a 10, likewise, a 2 does not have the same value as a 6.
There are other systems which have evolved over the years that enable you to increase your blackjack vs of profits even further.
Yet with more precise systems, it becomes more difficult to count the cards, and it is not so quick and straightforward to master.
There are even systems which do not use the true count calculation at all.
The following table shows an overview of the various different systems, and how they work.
This is for illustration purposes only; I will not go into details of each system betfair live blackjack card counting />From the betfair live blackjack card counting count types, betfair live blackjack card counting can already see how hard it is to make profits with card counting.
This is because in different situations, with different rules, the strategies need to be adjusted very accurately.
There are also games in which counting no longer works, primarily, when the cards are re-shuffled after each round.
In land based casinos, this is a rare occurrence, even if there is an automatic shuffling machine in use.
Whereas online, the entire shoe will be reshuffled within a fraction of a second, after every hand played.
In this situation, counting the cards is no longer a possibility.
One exception iswhere real cards are used, meaning you can count the cards you see on your PC whilst playing from home.
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Card Counting Online and Online Gambling - Blackjack Apprenticeship
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Card Counting Online and Online Gambling - Blackjack Apprenticeship
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Blackjack is one of the few casino games which, when played optimally https://tayorindustry.com/blackjack/san-jose-casino-blackjack.html a sound counting method, can offer players a mathematical edge over the house.
So how do you count cards?
Blackjack card counting methods are surprisingly simple.
The aim of any blackjack counting strategy is to give the player an idea of the composition of the remaining cards in the shoe.
Not exactly what continue reading cards are, but rather the broad composition majority high cards, or majority low cards.
Knowing whether the shoe is betfair live blackjack card counting card or low card rich, puts the player at an advantage over the house hence the term advantage betfair live blackjack card counting />The following discussion looks first at how betfair live blackjack card counting count cards using the Hi-Lo method, and second whether this skill can be effectively applied to.
One of the most commonly discussed and employed counting methods is the Hi-Lo method.
You will not need a photographic memory or rain-man like savant abilities to pull it off…just the ability to add and subtract and pay attention.
The next piece of the puzzle is betting to the count see below.
Remember, when you play a betfair live blackjack card counting of blackjack in a traditional casino or online the deal happens fast.
It helps if your ability to keep a tight running count is pretty much automatic.
For this practice is key.
A great way to practice counting cards is to deal a deck to yourself and keep a running count.
If at the completion of the deal you have a count of zero, you were spot on.
A high card rich deck also increases the chances of Blackjacks being dealt β€” both to the dealer and players, however for players Blackjack pays 3:2 swinging returns in their favour.
The running count gets high as more low cards have been dealt than high cards, meaning on balance there are more high cards remaining in the shoe.
This is referred to as a positive count.
The greater the positive the count closer to the end of the shoe, the better the odds for players.
Conversely, if the running count push blackjack 22 switch less than betfair live blackjack card counting a negative count then the remaining shoe is low card rich and not a good shoe for players.
Playing and betting to the count Ok, you now know how to keep a tight running count.
What do you then do with this count?
First and foremost you must play basic strategy at all times during your session.
Playing Blackjack Basic Strategy is simple, because fortunately the experts have put together simple basic strategy charts or Hit or Stand charts that tell you exactly what you should do for every deal circumstance.
These charts will differ depending on the applying, which do differ from casino to casino.
The extent to which you increase or decrease your bets will be determined by how high the positive count is, or how low the negative count is.
Nice video explanation of card counting Does card counting work at live dealer online casinos?
If they suspect a player is counting cards β€” and they are pretty good at detecting bet patterns consistent with card counting β€” they will ask that player to leave betfair live blackjack card counting not return.
But what about online casinos?
The situation with live dealer games is very different though.
This is not a computer generated deck that can be automatically replenished and shuffled every game.
So is a count effective here?
The cards read more shuffled when there are approximately four decks left in the shoe.
So playing live online, any counting strategy, while good counting practice, will not enable you to gain an edge over the house.
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