🍒 Card Counting and Bet Spreading in Blackjack

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Blackjack Card Counting – How It Works?
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Understanding Bet Spreads in Blackjack - YouTube
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Card Counting and Bet Spreading in Blackjack
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Card Counting and Bet Spreading in Blackjack
Card counting has long been one of the most popular ways to make profits through gambling.
This advantage-play technique has been proven to work by countless blackjack players over the years.
Legends like Ed Thorp, Al Francesco, James Grosjean, and Jeff Ma have made fortunes through counting cards.
Of course, these all played during a golden age of blackjack, where casinos comped generously and were less concerned with advantage players.
Unfortunately, things have changed these days with casinos more aware of card counting than ever.
That said, many aspiring best bet spread blackjack wonder if they even have a chance to make profits.
The good news is that you can experience success with card counting.
You merely need to know some modern tips for not getting caught.
When Ed Thorp began counting cards in the late 1950s, there was no resistance by casino staff.
But Thorp released his famed 1962 book, Beat the Dealer, and blew the cover on card counting.
Gambling venues have steadily introduced new countermeasures over the years to catch counters.
These include shoe games, heavy surveillance in the blackjack pit, better training for staff best bet spread blackjack, and reduced deck penetration explained later.
Tables with 6:5 natural blackjack payouts instead of 3:2 are extremely difficult to beat.
A common reaction to these measures involves looking for the best available.
For example, some players search for a single- or double-deck game with favorable rules.
But the problem with doing so is that casinos watch these games more closely than any other.
The reason why is because these favorable tables already have a low house edge.
Anybody who can also successfully count cards in good single- and double-deck games stands to win welches online casino ist das beste bigger profits.
Many best bet spread blackjack card counting systems exist.
These strategies are separated by how difficult they are to learn and their count accuracy.
The fundamentals of the Hi-Lo strategy involve tracking low, neutral, and high cards.
You also assign positive, neutral, or negative point values to these card groupings, which you can see below.
As you may know, a natural blackjack pays out either 3:2 or 6:5 on your original bet.
But the only question that remains is how much you should increase your wager.
The goal is to bet the table minimum when the count is +1 or lower.
This helps you avoid taking higher long-term losses while you wait for a more favorable situation.
Once the true count hits +2 or higher, you want to increase your bet by a predetermined amount.
This involves choosing a unit size and increasing your bets by one unit as the positive true count rises.
You still need command of a good counting system and the ability to concentrate among casino distractions.
But you must also take more precautions today than ever before to avoid being caught.
Prior to the 2008 Great American Recession, best bet spread blackjack were more lenient with how they treated suspected card counters and advantage players in general.
A good rule of thumb is to only play up to 100 hands in the same gambling establishment before moving on.
This gives you the chance to count at least one shoe and bet high during a favorable count.
But the last thing you want to do is draw heat and eventually get banned from a good casino.
And Las Vegas is the perfect place for a serious card counter.
Sin City features well over 100 casinos in different areas like the Strip, Downtown, North Vegas, and Henderson.
Of course, you can try counting cards at pretty much any casino destination.
But nowhere offers sloths wordreference many options as Sin City.
Each card dealt online is the result of a random number generator, which makes counting cards completely futile.
The recession also impacted the size of bets that casinos are willing to take on from the average blackjack player.
Casinos used to allow much larger max wagers.
Higher limits enabled skilled card counters to make a fortune if they had the bankroll to capitalize.
Yet another thing that changed after the 2008 recession is how many comps casinos are willing to give gamblers.
Casinos used to shower players with rewards, especially if they offered a lot of action.
But gambling establishments are much stingier with comps today.
Instead, you mostly have to rely on what you make at the table.
The general public has this perception that card counters use a variety of goofy disguises and personalities to fool casinos.
Instead, you merely need to make subtle changes to your appearance.
If you wear both contact lenses and glasses, you can alternate between them when visiting the same casino.
Likewise, you can be clean-shaven one day and have a beard on your next visit.
You can also alter your clothing style from wearing a t-shirt and jeans on one visit to wearing a blazer and slacks.
Amateur card counters often try to find the most favorable games.
This means looking for a single- or double-deck table combined with 3:2 blackjack payouts.
These games are great from the perspective that they have a low house edge to begin and allow card counters to make even more money.
But the problem is that casinos also watch these slot best app online machine closer because they stand to lose even more to advantage players.
A better alternative is to simply look for a six-deck game with good deck penetration.
The latter refers to the percentage of cards that are dealt before the dealer reshuffles the shoe.
You want more deck penetration so that you can confidently determine an accurate count before betting big.
deutsch roulette bestes online that allow at least 70% of the shoe to be dealt before reshuffling.
This was a popular wager among card counters because they could make a lot of money off it by side counting.
One of them is Lucky Ladies, where you win a jackpot by getting two queens of hearts with a suited dealer blackjack.
But the problem is that you need to fill out a W-9 form if you win.
You can make plenty of money just by counting cards and using basic strategy.
But advanced counters sometimes use strategy deviations to gain an extra edge over casinos.
Highly skilled players use these deviations because the composition of shoe changes along with the count.
But if you hit sometimes and stand others, then the dealer and pit boss may become suspicious.
Another play that draws attention is splitting 10s, which is one of the biggest no-nos in blackjack.
Casinos know that only bad players and card counters split in this situation.
As mentioned before, you must raise your bet to take advantage of favorable counts.
But casinos can see an obvious pattern when you make minimum bets throughout the first part of a shoe, only to use a 1-15 spread towards the end.
Much of this problem can be solved by leaving every casino after playing 50-100 hands.
But if you plan on counting at the same casino longer than this, best bet spread blackjack your bet sizes a little at the beginning of a shoe as well.
Card counting may not be as easy to best bet spread blackjack as it was 10, 20, or 30 years ago.
But these games can still be beaten with the right techniques.
Learning how to count cards is the easy part.
You can learn the Hi-Lo system within minutes and practice afterward.
A good way to practice is by using online card counting trainers.
You need to keep track of the onscreen card values to work on maintaining a good count.
The difficult part of being an advantage blackjack player is keeping your cover.
Doing so involves far more than just changing your appearance each time out.
You also need to keep your sessions short, visit many casinos at different shifts Vegas is perfect for thiskeep your bet sizes reasonable, and be careful when deviating from basic strategy.
Many players like forming card counting teams.
This eliminates the awkwardness of spreading your bets during favorable and unfavorable counts.
Instead, the big player merely looks like a high roller who just sat down to the table.
Few groups have the bankroll or dedication of the MIT Blackjack Team.
This is especially the case in Vegas, where you can quickly hit casinos and leave.

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It has since been discussed by just about all the major blackjack writers. In my opinion, the best introductory treatment is in Professional Blackjack by.. Spread: This is the ratio of the player?s minimum bet to maximum bet.

In blackjack card counting, how do you play a 1-12 bet spread? - Quora
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Understanding Bet Spreads in Blackjack - YouTube
Bovada Casino InetBet Casino Videoslots Casino Spin Best bet spread blackjack Raging Bull 32Red Casino High Noon Best bet spread blackjack RoyalVegas Casino Being a successful best bet spread blackjack pro is about winning money consistently Being a successful blackjack pro is about winning money consistently, not making a splash.
Here a few tips for doing just that.
Playing blackjack professionally is a lot more like a day job than most amateur players realize.
The last part is surprising to people who think that gambling professionally means going to luxurious casinos and winning thousands of dollars on single blackjack hands while being doted on you best chatroulette for android something celebrities and supermodels.
While you know that success at blackjack requires mastering basic strategy and learning to use ayou best bet spread blackjack not know important techniques necessary for managing your bottom line, i.
Keep a disciplined learn more here Any professional gambler should maintain a bankroll which is entirely separate from their other finances.
They should add to it only with casino winnings, ensuring that their gambling habits never threaten their financial well-being.
And that brings us to our next point.
Always bet within a predetermined spread Card counting involves increasing your bet size best bet spread blackjack you recognize that the count is in your favor.
But there can be a lot of variation in a positive spread, and your betting behavior should reflect that.
You should use a careful strategy.
Each betting unit should correspond with a number in the count.
The main takeaway from this, however, is that you should never bet above the best bet spread blackjack spread.
This will keep you from falling into ruin.
Some pros argue that you should shoot for the stars and keep playing until you become ruined, while we think that playing conservatively is a betterespecially for those with limited bankrolls.
A good way to ensure this is to set upper and lower limits each time you enter the casino.
Your lower limit should be well above ruin level.
One way to do this is to best bet spread blackjack it at -25% of your bankroll.
Some pros would advise you to quit long before that.
The upper bound is more difficult to calculate, but we recommend setting it somewhere around 50% of your bankroll.
Be aware of how much money you need to win each night to support yourself, and use that as a benchmark.
Gaining a reputation around the casino for being a cheapskate is only going to make things difficult for you, so tip when you win.
Some card counters feel like they need to tip big in order to win the dealer over.
Many aspiring pros make the mistake of tipping away large portions of their winnings.
When it comes to every little bit of money counts.
This article will help.

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This is why having a good blackjack bankroll management is important.... One problem with large bet spreads is the casinos don't want you to count cards.

Greg Badros's Winning at BlackJack Guide
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Understanding Bet Spreads in Blackjack - YouTube
What follows is an explanation of how to use the ace five count along with an explanation of why it works.
How to Count Cards Using Ace to Five System The reason that card counters can get an advantage in blackjack is best bet spread blackjack the deck has a memory.
No other casino game offers this phenomenon in quite this way.
It should be obvious why a player would want a deck with a high percentage of aces in it.
Every five in the deck adds 0.
Every ace in the deck subtracts 0.
Michael Shackleford suggests setting your betting spread before starting to play, but you might make article source a spread of between one and sixteen units, for example.
The bigger your betting spread, the better the effect on your expectation.
Variations of Ace to Five Card Counting System Variations of best odds craps bet ace five count have been around for a long time.
I did pretty well using this system in City at a casino there, until they started shuffling up on me almost every hand.
Keep in mind, too, that some rules variations will wipe out any edge you get from this or any other counting method.
Even with the 1 to 32 bet spread, where you gain almost 0.
I know some people are going best bet spread blackjack read this and think, wow, I can go wild using this system in online casinos.
Every other form of gambling on the Internet should be considered pure entertainment, because the odds are stacked heavily in favor of the house.

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Blackjack Optimal Betting
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Blackjack Optimal Betting
Greg Badros's Winning at BlackJack Guide Winning at BlackJack ©1992 - Aug.
In some circumstances, the dealer can be at a substantial disadvantage.
Through correct strategy, sound betting, and card counting, winning becomes easy.
How to Play BlackJack takes place at a table around which up to about eight players sit.
In front of each player is a rectangular "betting box.
The dealer stands behind the table and deals cards out in front of each betting box where there is a player.
Often times six or eight decks of cards are used and are dealt out of a "shoe," usually located to california southern indian best in casinos dealer's left.
Directly in front of the dealer are the betting chips.
When you want to play, you lay your money on the table don't hand it to the dealer, they must take it from the table and the dealer will exchange your cash for chips.
When you leave the table, you'll take the chips with you and convert them back into cash elsewhere.
After shuffling the decks, the dealer will ask a player to cut the deck; once cut, a marker is placed about one-half to three-fourths of the way through the deck, and the deck is placed in the shoe.
This marker designates the "shuffle point;" when the deck reaches that point, it is reshuffled.
Before dealing a card, the first card is "burned" meaning it is simply removed and put in the "hole" the discard pile.
After the players place their bets in the boxes in front of them, the dealer gives each bettor and himself two cards, one at a time, starting from the dealer's left moving to his right.
All the cards, except the dealer's second drawn card, are dealt face-up.
The dealer's face-up card is called the "upcard.
The goal of BlackJack is to have a hand valued as close to 21 points without exceeding 21.
Most cards have point values equal to their numbers: a 2 is worth two points, an 8 worth eight, and so on.
Kings KQueens QJacks Jand 10s are all worth ten points.
An Ace is unique in that it can be worth either 11 points or 1 point-- whichever results in a better total.
Through the course of a play, an Ace can change its value from 11 to 1 as needed.
The summed value of all of each player's cards is called that player's "total.
Note that all that matters in BlackJack is the point value of the cards-- suit is trivial and all ten-value cards Ace, King, Queen, Jack, 10 are equivalent.
When playing out a hand, a bettor's goal is to improve his hand.
If dealt cards totalling 21 initially eg.
Ace-Jackit is a "BlackJack" and the dealer goes to the next bettor since one can't improve upon a BlackJack.
Any total of less than 21 presents the player with numerous options: he may "hit" his hand, requesting another card; he may "stand pat" usually just "stand" meaning he is done playing that hand; if he has two cards, he can "double down" usually just "double" meaning he'd like to draw only one more card you can not hit again after doubling and double his bet; or, if his two cards are identical, he may "split" the cards into two hands by putting out a bet equal to his original bet for the second hand thus doubling his total bet -- the two hands are then played out independently.
If the dealer's upcard is an Ace, each player has the additional option to make a side-bet called "insurance.
If a player takes the insurance bet, he must put out an additional bet equal to one-half his original bet.
He wins double his money on that bet if the dealer has a BlackJack-- the net effect is that the player will break even if the dealer best bet spread blackjack a BlackJack since he'll lose his original bet but win double money on his insurance bet which equalled half of his original bet.
A player's hand is completed when he has either chosen to stand, or has drawn a card which makes his hard total greater than 21-- a "bust.
The dealer, however, has only two options and is forced to play according to strict rules: he must hit on all totals less than 17, and must stand on all totals from 17 through 21.
Some casinos require the dealer to hit a soft 17 eg.
After the dealer has stood on his total of 17 through 21 or has drawn a card forcing his total over 21--a bust--he pays the winners, and collects from the losers.
If a player busts his hand, he immediately loses his bet even if the dealer busts also when he later plays his hand.
If the dealer busts, all players who didn't bust win even money on their bet.
A winning ten dollar bet gets the player his original ten dollars plus ten dollars from the dealer.
If the dealer doesn't bust, all players with totals higher than the dealer without busting, of course win even money on their bets; all players with totals lower than the best poker machines lose their bet; and all players with totals equal to the dealers get to keep their original bet-- they neither win nor lose this is called a "push".
If the dealer has a BlackJack, the player loses his original bet although he would win his insurance bet if he made that side-bet.
Finally, the dealer collects the cards and puts them in the discard pile.
The whole process repeats until the deck needs to be re-shuffled when the shuffle point marker is reached.
General Strategy The main disadvantage of BlackJack to the player is that if both he and the dealer bust, he still loses his bet.
On the other hand, the player has so many more options than the dealer and is paid 3:2 on a BlackJack while the dealer only collects the original bet if he gets BlackJack.
These advantages make the game an almost even bet with the correct strategy and "flat" unchanging betting-- in the long run, you would neither win or lose money.
The first step to successful BlackJack play, therefore, is to learn the correct strategy.
You need to know what you should do with every total against every possible upcard of the dealer.
This involves decided whether to double, hit, stand, or split.
After you've mastered the correct basic strategy, you'll need to learn to count cards using the simple method outlined later.
By counting cards, you'll know whether the deck is "favorable" to the player or unfavorable.
A favorable deck means there are a lot of ten-value cards remaining in the shoe https://tayorindustry.com/best/best-casino-games-win-money.html have been dealt.
A deck that is "ten-rich" lots of ten-value cards left is beneficial because it increases the chances of being dealt a BlackJack and because it strengthens the likelihood of your suspicion that the dealer has a ten-value card face-down remember, this prediction is on what most decisions are based.
Probably most importantly, a favorable, ten-rich deck increases the chances the dealer will bust when he has a total of 1216.
The most common mistake that novices make when playing BlackJack is hitting too often; they won't stand on a thirteen no matter what the dealer's upcard is.
Probability studies performed using computers show that when the dealer has an upcard of a 2 through 6 26 it is to your advantage to stand on a thirteen-- you predict the dealer has a 16 total, on which he must hit, probably with another ten, thus busting.
Again, notice how it is useful to pretend that each unknown card is worth ten points.
The Correct Strategy Best bet spread blackjack following paragraphs explain what the proper play is given every circumstance.
Note that it is unadvisable to alter your play because of a hunch; you should always follow these guidelines.
Later, I will present a chart that presents all this information in a more easily accessible manner.
These paragraphs will be invaluable to you in understanding why each play is the best strategy-- that understanding will greatly simplify mastering the strategy.
Each section will be titled according to your hand's total.
At the end of the section, any exceptions will be listed for when you are aware of the count see that section for more information.
Note that most casino's will only let you double when drawing a third card when you only have two cards thus far ; if the strategy calls for doubling when you can't eg.
Hit on dealer's 7A you can't bust by hitting, but your chances of losing are too great to want to increase your bet.
Exception: If the deck is highly unfavorable, hit instead of doubling on a dealer's 9 upcard.
Exception: If the deck is highly favorable, you should double instead of hitting on a dealer's Ace or 10 upcard.
Hit on dealer's 23 his chances of busting are slightly slimmer, and you have a very poor total.
Also Hit on dealer's 7A he probably won't bust, so you've got to risk busting to improve your hand.
Exception: If the deck is highly unfavorable, hit instead of standing on a dealer's 4 upcard.
Exception: If the deck is highly favorable, you should stand instead does sloths wordreference thank hitting on a dealer's 23 upcard; in other words, with a favorable deck stand on a dealer's 26.
Hard 1316 Total Stand on dealer's 26 he'll probably bust, and you've got a good chance of busting if you draw.
Hit on dealer's 7A he's probably got a 17 or better total which he will stand on thus beating your poor total, so you've got to risk busting to improve your hand.
Exception: If the deck is highly unfavorable, you should hit your hard 13 total against a dealer's 23 upcard.
If your total is a hard 1416, you should still stand.
Hard 1721 Total Stand go here all dealer's upcards the chance of you busting are too great to risk drawing another card.
Soft 1316 Total Double down on dealer's 46 he'll probably bust, and a soft total won't bust with best bet spread blackjack single hit, so your chances of winning the hand are good and you want to increase your bet.
Hit on dealer's 23 his chances of busting are slimmer, and your total won't beat him if he doesn't bust so you don't want to increase your bet.
Also Hit on dealer's 7A he's probably got a total on which he'll stand, and you'll lost unless you improve your hand; you can't bust, but his hand is too good to justify increasing your bet.
Soft 17 Total Double down on dealer's 26 he'll probably bust, and your soft total won't bust with a single hit, so your chances of winning the hand are good and you want to increase your bet.
Hit on dealer's 7A 17 isn't a strong check this out total when the dealer has a high upcard; you can't bust on the next draw with a soft total, and a low card can greatly improve your hand Soft 18 Total Double down on dealer's 36 he'll probably bust, and even though you have a good total, doubling lets you increase your bet without the chance of busting.
Note if doubling isn't an option because you already have three or more cards you should stand.
Hit on dealer's 910 he's probably got a great total, and you can't bust by hitting, so you've got to hit hoping for a low card to improve your hand.
Stand on dealer's 2, 78, A.
Also stand on dealer's 36 if doubling isn't an option.
Soft 1921 Total Stand on everything you've got a strong total that you aren't likely to improve.
Splitting Strategy Note that splitting takes precedence over all other options; a pair of eights would be split, not played as a Hard 16 total.
Pair of 2s Split on dealer's 37 he'll probably bust, and splitting increases your bet.
Exception: Don't split 2s against a dealer's 3 if the deck is highly unfavorable.
Pair of 3s Split on dealer's 47 he'll probably bust, and splitting increases your bet.
Exception: If the deck is highly favorable, don't split 3s against a dealer's 7 upcard.
Pair of 4s or 5s Never split an eight or ten total is promising, yet a four or five could turn into a poor total of 14 or 15 if a ten-value card is drawn next.
Pair of 6s Split on dealer's 26 he'll probably bust, and your 12 total could bust if you hit instead best bet spread blackjack split.
Exception: If the deck is highly unfavorable hit instead of splitting 6s on dealer's 2.
Pair of 7s Split on dealer's 27 he'll probably bust, and your hitting a hard 14 total is risky.
Pair of 8s Always split a hard 16 total is awful, but two eights could turn into two 18s-- a very respectable pair of hands.
Pair of 9s Split on dealer's 29 you have a good chance of getting two 19s, both here chances to be winners.
Pair of 10s Never split you have a hard 20 total-- very tough to beat.
Pair of Aces Always split a soft 12 total is not great, and you have a chance of getting two 21s, both almost definitely winners.
Counting Cards-- The Key to Winning Big Once you have the basic strategy down, you can play BlackJack knowing that you probably won't lose much money in the long run occasional bad decks could set you back, however.
To win consistently, you'll need to master counting cards.
At the beginning of a new shoe, you assign the count the value of zero.
As cards are dealt, you subtract 1 from the count for every ten-value card, and add one to the count for every 36 valued card.
A favorable count is positive meaning that more 36 value cards have been dealt than 10-value cards so more 10-value cards are left to be dealt ; an unfavorable count is negative meaning that more 10-value cards have been dealt that 36 value cards so fewer 10-value cards are left to be dealt.
As you can see, the idea behind counting is simple-- counting cards quickly and accurately does require much practice.
One other thing to keep in mind: Although a +5 count after one hand means there are five more 10-value cards left to be dealt than 36 value cards, the strength of that +5 count depends on how many cards remain.
If only one hand has been dealt, there are about five and one-half decks remaining over which that +5 count is spread.
If we are near the shuffle point with a +5 count, there is probably only a little over a deck and a half left to be dealt, so the +5 count becomes much more favorable.
In general, the count derived strictly by adding and subtracting is called the "running" count.
To find the more telling "true" count, we should divide our running count by the number of half-decks remaining.
Note that throughout the strategy guide, and in the table, I refer to highly favorable and highly unfavorable decks; these are decks with true counts of +2 or more, and decks with true counts of -2 or less, respectively.
These decks are so skewed that the strategy for certain borderline decisions changes.
Betting The most important thing to remember about betting is that, like Einstein said, "everything's relative!
Also note that if click change your unit, the amount of money you stand to win or lose changes in direct proportion to your betting unit.
You should vary your bets according to the true count as per the following table.
True Count Units to Bet 0 1 +1 2 +2 3 +3 5 +4 7 +5 9 +5 10 or more Note that best bet spread blackjack isn't just conservative to bet one unit on a true count of +2, it is wrong!
You lost part of your advantage over the house by not betting properly!
Then you should sit out don't place a bet when the deck becomes neutral or unfavorable, and put the minimum bet down which equals two of your betting units when the deck reaches +1.
Playing in a Real Casino There is one other, very important aspect of playing BlackJack at a real casino.
Card-counting, although not best indian pool, is disliked strongly by casinos; they are operating to make a profit and they know that if you're counting cards, you can severely hurt their bankroll.
Therefore, they are watching for card counters and will bar you from the casino if you appear to be counting cards-- that's all the reason they need because they are private clubs.
Standing over a table and watching for a while, then jumping in when the deck gets highly favorable gives you a huge advantage over the house, but will almost definitely attract the attention of the pit bosses who are watching for BlackJack experts who might be counting cards.
Many dealer's also count cards, and will be very aware of when you are playing and how you are varying your bets with the count-- they too could make your life difficult.
Here are some guidelines on how to avoid being barred from a casino.
Don't look too serious-- try to laugh a lot, talk to people, and don't go around telling other players when they played poorly.
Have a glass of ice-water with an olive at your side-- casino operators love to see intoxicated players, and if they think your water is a dry martini on the rocks, so be it.
Tip the dealer by placing bets for them; it is common practice to tip, but you should rarely just give the dealer a tip.
You should instead put a small bet out at the top of your betting box nearer the dealer.
Then if you win the hand, the dealer gets a nice tip.
She'll be rooting for you before you know it!
If you do attract the attention of a pit article source, and he's watching you, occasionally make a stupid play, acting like it's a hunch.
Card counters wouldn't play on a hunch, so you can't be a card counter.
Don't change your bets too often.
A highly varying bet is usually a sign that someone is counting cards-- all it takes is for the pit boss to be counting cards too to be sure you're counting, and then you're out of there!
Remember, you have lots of time to make money as long as you're still allowed to play.
Don't get greedy and get caught counting cards!
Winning at BlackJack Playing Strategy Summary ©1992, 1993 Greg J.
Badros - All Rights Reserved Hit-Stand-Double Strategy A "-" in the leftmost column means the previous hand, only when deck has a negative true count.
A "+" in the leftmost column means the previous hand, only when the deck has a positive true count.
Splitting Strategy Insurance: Only when True Count + 2.

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Understanding Bet Spreads in Blackjack - YouTube
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Blackjack Card Counting – How It Works?
In the 21st century it has been overtaken in popularity by Slotsbut it remains one of the most popular casino card games and is available in almost all casinos both on and offline.
Blackjack is a casino banked game, meaning that players compete against the house rather than each other.
The objective is to get a hand total of closer to 21 than the dealer without going over 21 busting.
At the start of a Blackjack game, the players and the dealer receive two cards each.
The players' cards are normally dealt face up, while the dealer has one face down called the hole card and one face up.
The best possible Blackjack hand is an opening deal of an ace with any ten-point card.
The house advantage of this game is derived from several rules that favour the dealer.
The most significant of these is that the player must act before the dealer, allowing the player to bust and lose their bet before the dealer plays.
Players should be aware that there is another card game called Black Jack in the UK which is an entirely different card game, effectively the same as.
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Equipment The Blackjack table is usually, though not always, semi-circular in shape with a green felt surface.
The dealer is seated at the straight side of the table with the chip tray in front of the dealer, the dealing shoe to dealer's left and the discard tray to dealer's right.
Around the curved side of the table are betting circles at which the players sit.
The betting chips come in multiple denominations that vary from casino to casino and sometimes from table to table depending on the betting limits offered by the table.
As a standard rule, white chips are worth 1 currency unit, red chips are worth 5 units, green 25, black 100 and purple 500.
The cut card Blackjack is played with a standard international deck of cards with the Jokers removed, leaving 52 cards.
Originally the game was played with a single deck.
However, as a counter measure tocasinos introduced multi-deck games, based on the false assumption that if there were more cards in play it would be harder for the card counter to keep track of them all.
As a result, Blackjack is now usually offered in either single deck, double deck, 4 deck, 6 deck or 8 deck variants.
It should be noted that there are exceptions in online casinos where far larger numbers of decks can be used than would be practical to manage offline.
Aside from the cards, the game requires a table, chips, a discard tray, cut card and a shoe.
After the dealer has shuffled a player will be selected at random and asked to take the cut card — a coloured plastic card matching the playing cards in size — and place it at a random position within stack of cards.
The dealer will then move the cards above the cut card to the back of the stack.
This technique is intended to demonstrate to the players that article source dealer cannot have rigged the deck.
The cut card is then reinserted into the stack of cards by the dealer at a pre-defined position and when this card is reached this indicates the final deal of the game before the cards are shuffled.
Where multiple decks are used, after the shuffle the cards will be placed into a dispenser called a shoe.
In fact hole carding is not illegal in the vast majority of jurisdictions.
If the dealer is poorly trained or sloppy enough to fail to protect their down card from being seen by a player at the table this is not the player's fault and the player is not obliged to look away to prevent themselves seeing the down card.
If however the player uses any form of device, for instance a metal lighter to observe the reflection in, or an accomplice off table signals the information to them, this is cheating.
Hole carding is only legal where the player can see the card naturally from one of the player positions at the table.
Card Values When playing Blackjack the numeral cards 2 to 10 have their face values, Jacks, Queens and Kings are valued at 10, and Aces can have a value of either 1 or 11.
The Ace is always valued at 11 unless that would result in the hand going over 21, in which case it is valued as 1.
A starting visit web page of a 10 valued card and an Ace is called a Blackjack or natural and beats all hands other than another Blackjack.
If both the player and dealer have Blackjack, the result is a push tie : neither the player nor the bank wins and the bet is returned to the player.
Order of Play and Playing Options Example game This shows the table after the initial bets have been placed and the cards have been dealt.
This player originally bet 200 units two black chips was dealt a total of 11 6+5 and doubled down, betting another 200.
They were then dealt a King for a total of 21, which will win unless the dealer also makes 21.
This player has split a pair of Sixes and received an Six and an Ace, and then split the new pair of Sixes receiving a Five and a Jack and creating three hands.
The player has doubled down on the 6+5 hand but unfortunately received only a 2 as the third card for this hand.
Here the deal ends with the dealer bust, so the dealer has paid out on all the unbust hands belonging to the players.
Each player sitting at the table places their desired bet in the betting circle directly in front of best bet spread blackjack />In most casinos if there are untaken betting circles, the players sitting at the table can choose to play more than one hand at a time.
The minimum and maximum bet size varies from casino to casino, generally with a ratio of 40 to 100 between them.
Once the bets are placed the dealer will move their hand across the table from their left to their right signalling that no further bets can be placed.
The dealer then deals cards one at a time clockwise around the table, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right: first a card face up to each betting circle that has a bet in it, then a card face up to the dealer, and then a second card face up to each betting circle with a bet and finally a second card face down to the dealer.
In many places the dealer's first card is initially dealt face down.
The dealer's second card is used to flip the first card face up and then slid underneath the first card.
The exact dealing protocol varies from place to place as determined by the casino management.
If the dealer has a 10 or an Ace face up players are offered the option to place an Insurance bet.
Insurance is a side bet on whether or not the dealer has a Blackjack, unrelated to the final outcome of the round.
If a player chooses to take insurance they place an additional bet equal to half of their original bet.
This insurance bet wins if the dealer has Blackjack.
The dealer now checks their down card to see if they have Blackjack.
If they have Blackjack they expose their down card.
The round is concluded and all players lose their original bet unless they also have Blackjack.
If a player and the dealer each have Blackjack the result is a push and the player's bet is returned.
Any insurance bets are paid out at 2:1.
If the dealer does not have Blackjack any insurance bets are lost and any players who have Blackjack are paid.
It is then the turn of the remaining players to take their actions.
The player can take this action after any of the other player actions as long as their hand total is not more than 21.
The hand signal to Stand is waving a flat hand over the cards.
Hit — If the player wishes to take another card they signal to the dealer to by scratching the felt beside their hand or pointing to their hand.
A single card is then played face up onto their hand.
If the hand total is less than 21 the player can choose to Hit again or Stand.
If the total is 21 the hand automatically stands.
Double Down — If the player considers they have a favourable hand, generally a total of 9, 10 or 11, they can choose to 'Double Down'.
To do this they place a second wager equal to their first beside their first wager.
A player who doubles down receives exactly one more card face up and is then forced to stand regardless of the total.
This option is only available on the player's two-card starting hand.
Some casinos will restrict which starting hand totals can be doubled.
Where the player chooses to do this the cards are separated and an additional card is dealt to complete each hand.
If either hand receives a second card of matching rank the player may be offered the option to split again, though this depends on the rules in the casino.
Generally the player is allowed a maximum of 4 best bet spread blackjack after which no further splits are allowed.
The split hands are played one at a time in the order in which they were dealt, from the dealer's left to the dealer's right.
The player has all the usual options: stand, hit or double down.
Some casinos restrict the card ranks that can be split and may also restrict the option to Double after splitting a pair.
A player who splits Aces is usually only allowed to receive a single additional card on each hand.
Normally players are allowed to split two non-matching 10-value cards, for example a King and a Jack.
However, some casinos restrict the splitting of ten value cards to pairs of the same rank two Jacks for instance.
It should be noted in any case that splitting 10's is almost always a poor play for the player.
If Aces are split and the player draws a Ten or if Tens are split and the player draws an Ace, the resulting hand does not count as a Blackjack but only as an ordinary 21.
In this case the player's two-card 21 will push tie with dealer's 21 in three or more cards.
Surrender — Some casinos allow a player to surrender, taking back half their bet and giving up their hand.
Surrender must be the player's first and only action on the hand.
In the most usual version, known as Late Surrender, it is after the dealer has checked the hole card and does not have a Blackjack.
It has become increasingly rare for casinos to offer the surrender option.
After all players have completed their actions the dealer plays their hand according to fixed rules.
First they will reveal their down card.
The dealer will then continue to take cards until they have a total of 17 or higher.
see more best bet spread blackjack regarding Soft 17 a total of 17 with an Ace counted as 11 such as A+6 vary from casino to casino.
Some require the dealer to stand while others require additional cards to be taken until a total of hard 17 or 18+ is reached.
This rule will be clearly printed on the felt of the table.
If the dealer busts all non-busted player hands are automatically winners.
If a player wins a hand they are paid out at 1:1 on the total bet wagered on that hand.
This effectively results in a push overall for the hand.
Variants Deal In some casinos the players' initial two-card hands are dealt face down.
All additional cards dealt to the player are given face up.
The initial cards are revealed by the player if the hand goes bust, or if the player wishes to split a pair.
Otherwise the dealer reveals the cards at the end of the round when it is time to settle the bets.
This style of game is rare nowadays: casinos don't like to allow players to touch the cards, because of the risk of card marking.
Dealer's second card is dealt after all players have acted, and the dealer checks for Blackjack at this point.
Player Blackjacks are paid at the end of the round if the dealer does not have Blackjack.
If the dealer has Blackjack the rules regarding Doubled and Split hands vary from casino to casino.
Some casinos will take both bets while others will only take the initial bet and return the other.
Blackjack payout It should be noted that some casinos have started to offer a reduced payout on Blackjack, most commonly 6:5.
This is very bad for the player, increasing the House Edge significantly.
Any game offering a reduced payout on Blackjack should be avoided by players.
Splits The maximum number of hands that can be created by splitting depends on the rules in the casino: some only allow one split.
When splitting 10 value cards, not all casinos will allow players to split non-matching 10 cards.
For instance, in some casinos you could split two Jacks but could not split a King and a Jack.
Also, some casinos will limit which card ranks can be split.
House rules will dictate whether the player is allowed to Double after splitting, and whether a player who splits Aces is allowed to receive more than one additional card on a hand.
Surrender Not all casinos offer the Surrender option.
A few casinos may offer Early Surrender in which the player can take back half of their bet and give up their hand before the dealer checks for Blackjack.
This is very rare nowadays In European style games There is normally no Surrender option.
If Surrender were offered it would of course have to be Early Surrender.
Five Card Charlie The side rule is rarely offered.
When it is in effect, a player who collects a hand of five cards two cards plus three hits without going bust is immediately paid even money, irrespective of the dealer's hand.
Home game blackjack Blackjack can be played at home, rather than in a casino.
In this case a fancy Blackjack table is not needed: just at least one pack of cards and something to bet with - cash, chips or maybe matches.
Unless the players have agreed in advance that the host should deal throughout, to ensure a fair game the participants should take turns to be the dealer.
The turn to deal can pass to the next player in clockwise order after every hand or every five hands or whatever the players agree.
If playing with a single deck of cards, it is desirable to re-shuffle the cards after every hand.
Swedish Pub Blackjack Nightclubs and pubs in Sweden often offer a Blackjack variant that is less favourable to the players.
All the essential rules are the same as in the casino version unless the player and dealer have an equal total of 17, 18 or 19.
In the casino version the player's stake is returned in these situations, but in Swedish pubs the house wins.
Optimal Strategy Basic Strategy table for one of the more commonly available rule combinations 6 decks, Resplit to 4 hands, Dealer Stands on Soft 17, Late Surrender, Double After Split.
The table shows every possible starting player hand running down the left-hand side of the table and all possible dealer upcards running along the top of the table.
Cross referencing the two will tell you the correct play to make.
First and foremost, as a general rule the player should never take Insurance.
Unless using an advanced and mathematically proven strategy that will alert the player to the rare situations in which Insurance is worthwhile, it should be avoided as a bad bet for the player.
Next, it should be understood that every possible combination of player hands and dealer up card has a mathematically correct play.
These can be summarized in what is known as a Basic Strategy table.
However, certain plays in the table need to be modified according to the specific combination of rules in force.
To be sure of playing correctly, it is necessary to generate a Basic Strategy table for the specific rules of the game being played.
Various tools are available online to do this.
We would recommend this.
It should be noted that even playing perfect Basic Strategy for the rule set in play, the player will still usually be at a disadvantage.
Card Counting Card Counting provides the player a mathematically provable opportunity to gain an advantage over the house.
It must be understood that this does not guarantee that the player will win.
Just as a regular player may win though good luck despite playing at a disadvantage, it is perfectly possible for the Card Counter to lose through an extended period of bad luck even though playing with a small advantage over the House.
The basic premise of Card Counting is that mathematically speaking, low cards on average are beneficial to the dealer while high cards favour click to see more player.
The player can choose whether or not to take an additional card on a total of 16 whereas the dealer has to take one.
In this situation small cards are less likely to cause the dealer to bust are thus favour the dealer, while big cards cause the dealer to bust more often and favour the player.
Therefore, doubling becomes more favourable when there are more ten value cards and Aces left in the deck.
So the Card Counter looks for times when there are more high cards left to be played than a regular deck would have.
Rather than trying to remember each card that has been played, the Card Counter will usually use a ratio system that offsets cards that are good for the player against cards that are good for the dealer.
The most commonly used Card Counting system is the HiLo count, which values cards as follows: High cards: 10, J, Q, K, A: -1 Medium cards: 7, 8, 9: 0 Low cards: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6: +1 To keep track the player starts at zero, adds one to the total every time a low card is played and subtracts one from the total when a high card is played.
It may seem counter-intuitive to subtract one for high value cards that are good for the player, but a high card that has been played is one less high card that is left to be played.
Where the Running Count is positive the player knows that there are more player favourable cards remaining to be played.
When kept correctly the Running Count will start at 0 and, if all the cards were to be played out, would end at 0.
This is because there are an equal number of high cards and low cards.
Card Counting systems are generally not impeded by the addition of multiple decks to the game.
At any rate multiple decks do not make it significantly more difficult for the Card Counter to keep track of the Running Count, since the Card Counter only needs to keep track of a single number, the Running Count.
However many decks are used, the count begins at zero and would end at zero if there were no cards left, so no changes need to be made to the counting process.
Where multiple decks do make a difference is in how much impact a positive Running Count has to the player advantage.
If the Running Count is +10 and there are two decks remaining to play, this means there are an extra 5 player favourable cards in each deck.
If graton slots casino best paying at are 5 decks remaining to be played there are only 2 extra player favourable cards in each deck.
To estimate the strength of the player advantage the Running count therefore needs to be divided by the number of decks remaining to be played.
This figure is called the True Count.
With the True Count the player has a consistent measure of how many extra player favourable cards are contained within the cards remaining to be dealt.
The player can use this information to vary their bet and playing strategy.
Deviations from Basic Strategy are far less important than placing big bets when the True Count is high and low bets or preferably nothing when the True count is low or negative.
It is important to note that sizing your bet correctly is critical to your long term success as a card counter.
This requires substantial additional knowledge that is beyond the scope best free video slots online no download this article.
Instead we refer interested readers to the for an insight into this complex aspect of card counting.
While Card Counting is legal in most jurisdictions, for obvious reasons casinos do not like players that can consistently beat them.
They therefore employ counter measures and any players they identify as Card Counters will be asked to leave the casino.
The most common method used to identify Card Counters is to watch for a large bet spread difference between the minimum and maximum bet a player uses and to see whether large bets correlate with player favourable counts.
Card Counters have developed several methods to help them avoid detection.
Named after Blackjack author Stanford Wong, this is the practice of watching the cards being played and only sitting down to play when there is a player favourable count.
This practice reduces the bet spread the player uses as they only place bets in player favourable situations but casinos are now well aware of this strategy and watch out for players hanging around a table and not playing.
The method is still useful, but not without its problems.
This involves several trained Card Counters working together.
Most commonly there would be several 'Spotters' sitting at different tables keeping track of the count and either back counting or playing minimum bets.
When a table reaches a positive count the Spotter would signal to the 'Big Player' who would come over and bet big during the player favourable count.
This allows both players to make very little variation in their bets.
Casinos are aware of this strategy and watch for groups of players working together.
There are several variations on team play designed to be employed in different situations and to different effects.
These are covered more fully in the reading resources detailed below.
Successful Card Counting is generally only profitable in land based casinos, not in online games.
The strategy relies on the game having a "memory" in that cards are dealt from the cards remaining after previous rounds have been played.
Online Blackjack games are dealt by computer and normally use a random number generator to shuffle the whole deck after every round of play.
Games of this sort are not countable.
There are some Live Blackjack games online, which are played over a video feed with a human dealer.
A slow game means less money made.
This means that the decks are shuffled early, not allowing enough cards to be dealt out for many player favourable situations to develop.
The most favourable situations for the player tend to occur further into the shoe.
This makes it relatively easy for a casino to employ software to track the count and watch for players raising their bet or only playing when the count is favourable.
For the above reasons Card Counting has not become commonplace online.
Recommended Books There is a great deal more to card counting successfully than we can reasonable cover here.
Many books have been written on this subject and we will recommend some of the better ones below: — One of the foremost mathematicians in the Blackjack field, Schlesinger successfully compares the strength of various counting systems in different conditions.
Includes discussion of some strategies that unlike card counting, may not be legal.
As such we would strongly advise user caution and research before engaging some of the strategies discussed.
This book covers several counting systems alongside some advanced techniques.
Very useful insight into how team play can still be effective.
This book is maths heavy but very informative.
There are other good books on this subject but the above are the ones we feel any player should ensure they are familiar with before considering trying to win money by Card Counting.
Sites for blackjack rules, information and analysis Here are some other useful websites with rules and information about Blackjack 21.
The Basic Strategy section includes a comprehensive calculator that can generate the optimal basic strategy for almost any rule combination alongside a fairness calculator to check your results.
The forums on this site still contain a wealth of information and discussion on the various aspects of card counting.
The author Norm Wattenberger also publishes the site, which points out some short-cuts that will more likely cost you money than make a profit, runs Blackjack The Forum and publishes Casino Verite Blackjack Card Counting training software.
Wizard of Odds has a large section with information on the game, its variants and strategy.
They provide a with which you can practice card counting.
James Yates has written a pagewhich explains Harvey Dubner's Blackjack card counting system.
A well detailed and referenced information source on Blackjack.
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